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This paper proposes a generalized proportionate variable step-size algorithm based on affine projection. It controls the step size for each tap individually based on the gradient approximated by the difference between the current coefficient and an averaged filter coefficient with delay. This step-size control is specifically effective for tracking fast(More)
A new stereo echo canceler with pre-processing for correct echo-path identification is proposed. The pre-processing is accomplished by a two-tap time-varying filter which delays the input signal periodically by one sample in one of the two channels. Aliasing components and audible clicks by pre-processing are made inaudible by selecting appropriate(More)
This paper proposes tapping noise suppression with a new phase-based detection. Phase slope of the input noisy signal is compared with an ideal phase slope obtained from an average of intra-frame slopes along the frequency axis. In order to cope with heavily low-pass characteristics of tapping noise spectrum, phase values are weighted with the magnitude at(More)
BACKGROUND In an attempt to optimize oral branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) administration to improve serum albumin in cirrhotic patients, we compared the effects of nocturnal and daytime BCAA administration on protein metabolism in cirrhotic patients. METHODS Twelve cirrhotic patients were enrolled in a short-term study. Patients were administered either(More)
This paper proposes a new acoustic echo suppressor based on a frequency-domain model of highly nonlinear residual echo. The proposed echo suppressor controls the gain in each frequency bin based on the new model where the highly nonlinear residual echo is approximated as a product of a regression coefficient and the echo replica in the frequency domain. To(More)
MPEG-4 audio represents a new kind of audio coding standard. Unlike its predecessors, MPEG-1 and MPEG-2 high-quality audio coding, and unlike the speech coding standards which have been completed by the ITU-T, it describes not a single or small set of highly e$cient compression schemes but a complete toolbox to do everything from low bit-rate speech coding(More)
SUMMARY This paper proposes a new robust adaptive beamformer applicable to microphone arrays. The proposed beamformer is a generalized sidelobe canceller (GSC) with a variable blocking matrix using coefficient-constrained adaptive filters (CCAFs). The CCAFs, whose common input signal is the output of a fixed beamformer, minimize leakage of the target signal(More)