Akihiko Sakurai

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Cordyceps militaris is a potential harbour of bio-metabolites for herbal drugs and evidences are available about its applications for revitalization of various systems of the body from ancient times. Amongst all the species, C. militaris is considered as the oldest source of some useful chemical constituents. Besides their popular applications for tonic(More)
Bisphenol A was efficiently removed by the polymerization and precipitation method using Coprinus cinereus peroxidase. The removal efficiency was optimal between pH 9–10 and at 40 °C with a molar ratio of H2O2 to bisphenol A of about 2. To remove 100 mg bisphenol A l−1, peroxidase was required 5 U ml−1 at pH 7 and 25 °C and 3 U ml−1 at pH 10 and 40 °C.
Ethanol was efficiently produced for 20 d by repeated batch culture using yeast cells immobilized in porous cellulose carriers. The physical structure of the carrier beads, which had small pores distributed on the outer surface and relatively large pores distributed in the interior, was found to be effective for cell immobilization. The effects of chemical(More)
The sonochemical degradation of bisphenol A in aqueous solution, a suspected endocrine disruptor, which can cause several damages for humans, animals and the environment, was investigated at different ultrasonic intensities under air atmosphere. Bisphenol A (0.50mM) was completely degraded after 10, 3 and 2h of ultrasonic irradiation at a frequency of(More)
Dyestuffs are often present in industrial wastewaters and can consist of hazardous substances which have a serious impact on the environment and personal health. This report describes a system developed to degrade these substances using sonochemical reactions. Ultrasonic frequencies of 118, 224, 404 and 651 kHz and power input values of 11.4, 29.0 and 41.5(More)
A simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) process was investigated to produce ethanol using two kinds of cellulose carriers that were respectively suitable for immobilization of Aspergillus awamori and Saccharomyces pastorianus. The maximum ethanol concentration attained by the batch operation was 25.5 g l−1. Under suitable conditions, both(More)
AIMS To obtain a higher cordycepin production using Cordyceps militaris mutant obtained by a new mutagenesis technique called 'ion beam'. METHODS AND RESULTS Successful irradiation of C. militaris NBRC 9787 by a proton beam with high energy was performed, and 30 classes of 8-azaadenine- and 28 classes of 8-azaaguanine-resistant mutants were obtained on(More)
A simple model was presented to describe the time courses of citric acid production by a rotating disc contactor (RDC) using Aspergillus niger. The model is expressed by Monod-type cell growth, Luedeking-Piret-type citric acid production rate equations, and the diffusion equation for oxygen in the biofilm. The model contains five parameters which were(More)
Formate oxidase of Aspergillus oryzae RIB40 contains an 8-replaced FAD with molecular mass of 799 as cofactor. The ¹H-NMR spectrum of the cofactor fraction obtained from the enzyme indicated that the 8-replaced FAD in the fraction was 8-formyl-FAD, present in open form and hemiacetal form. The oxidation-reduction potentials of the open and hemiacetal forms(More)
Isolation of cordycepin from the culture broth of Cordyceps militaris mutant was investigated. Based on the solubility curve, three crystallizing processes, temperature shift (process I), pH shift (process II), and pH shift followed by temperature shift (process III) were carried out. Process III was the most promising method regarding both purity and yield.