Akihiko Sakai

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BACKGROUND Various compounds have been detected in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) as indicators of periodontal disease activity. Therefore, the analysis of GCF may be especially beneficial for diagnosing current periodontal status and addressing the effects of treatment. Moreover, the identification of new markers in GCF may also contribute to elucidating(More)
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) acts as a mitogen, motogen, morphogen, anti-apoptotic factor, and scatter factor for various kinds of epithelial cells. It is a protein secreted by mesenchymal cells such as fibroblasts, and promotes motility and matrix invasion of epithelial cells. To clarify whether HGF is involved in periodontal disease, this study was(More)
Recent studies have shown that the behavior of calcium in the epidermis is closely related to the conditions of the skin, especially the differentiation of the epidermal keratinocytes and the permeability barrier function, and therefore a correct understanding of the calcium dynamics is important in explaining epidermal homeostasis. Here we report on(More)
BACKGROUND Anesthesia for patients who undergo surgery for femoral neck fractures can be associated with severe cardiopulmonary complications. METHODS We retrospectively studied 361 consecutive patients who underwent surgery for femoral neck fractures. Dividing patients into three groups according to type of surgery-hip hemiarthroplasty (n=134),(More)
This study was a prospective, randomized, open, blinded endpoint study to assess the effects of angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker, losartan, compared with calcium channel blocker, amlodipine, on left ventricular (LV) diastolic function and atherosclerosis of the carotid artery in Japanese patients with mild-to-moderate hypertension, LV hypertrophy,(More)
The ability to walk enhances overall Ability of Daily Life (ADL) of the elderly. Technically aiding the ability to walk is a basic solution for the elderly society. A Walk Training System for the elderly is now under development. It has two parts: a training environment and a patient support element. The training environment comprises a treadmill and a(More)
To determine whether hyperlipidemia affects the endothelium-dependent vasomotor response along the dilated vessel after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), we evaluated 32 patients with one-vessel disease, 3–6 months after successful PTCA without restenosis. Fourteen patients had mild stenotic lesions not subjected to PTCA (non-PTCA(More)
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) acts as a mitogen, motogen, morphogen, and anti-apoptotic factor for various kinds of epithelial cells. We previously showed that periodontal ligament and gingival fibroblasts secreted an HGF-like chemoattractant for a gingival epithelial cell line and found that the HGF content of gingival crevicular fluid was well correlated(More)
We studied 95 patients with a first anterior wall acute myocardial infarction who received successful reperfusion within 72 hours after the onset. The patients were divided into 4 groups based on the time required to achieve reperfusion; <3 hours (n = 23), 3 to 6 hours (n = 42), 6 to 24 hours (n = 17), and >24 to 72 hours (n = 13). The infarct size, as(More)