Akihiko Saitoh

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Mitochondrial toxicity induced by nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) has been reported to be responsible for various adverse effects. The relative impact of NRTIs on the mitochondria of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 (HIV-1)-infected children receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) is unknown. Mitochondrial DNA(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 DNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) was quantified in 31 children who received efavirenz, nelfinavir, and 1 or 2 nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitors for > or =2 years and in whom undetectable plasma HIV-1 RNA levels (< 50 copies/mL) were sustained, to determine the usefulness of HIV-1 DNA as a(More)
I ntracranial complications of sinusitis, including meningitis, are uncommon in childhood. Among pediatric patients admitted for treatment of sinusitis, 3.2% were found to have an intracranial complication. 1 Conversely, among pediatric patients with intracranial infections, only 2.4% had infections secondary to sinusitis. 2 Infection of the sphenoid(More)
Human parechovirus type 3 (HPeV3) is an emerging pathogen that causes sepsis and meningoencephalitis in young infants. To test the hypothesis that maternal antibodies can protect this population, we measured neutralizing antibody titers (NATs) to HPeV3 and other genotypes (HPeV1 and HPeV6) in 175 cord blood samples in Japan. The seropositivity rate (≥1:32)(More)
Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is the etiological agent of adult T cell leukemia (ATL), which is an aggressive form of T-cell malignancy. HTLV-1 oncoproteins, Tax and HBZ, play crucial roles in the immortalization of T-cells and/or leukemogenesis by dysregulating the cellular functions in the host. Recent studies show that HTLV-1-infected(More)
BACKGROUND Persistent fever after intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) is considered to be a major criterion of IVIG resistance in Kawasaki disease (KD), and a risk factor for the development of coronary artery abnormalities (CAA). However, the importance of persistent non-fever symptoms after defervescence has not yet been investigated. We examined the(More)
Keywords. congenital rubella syndrome; preserved umbilical cord; retrospective investigation. Congenital rubella syndrome (CRS), first documented in 1941 by Gregg [1], presents with multifarious manifestations involving multiple organ systems, including the ophthalmic, auditory, cardiovascular, and encephalic systems. These manifestations are identified in(More)
We report on an asymptomatic 10-year-old boy who had a short QT interval (corrected QT interval, 260 ms). Short QT syndrome (SQTS) was detected in a school screening program for heart disease and the patient was subsequently diagnosed as having N588K mutation in the KCNH2 gene. Quinidine prolonged the QT interval, but not the QU interval. During treadmill(More)