Akihiko Okawa

Learn More
OBJECTIVE We compared the surgical outcome of anterior decompression with spinal fusion (ASF) with the surgical outcome of laminoplasty for patients with cervical myelopathy due to ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament. METHODS The study group comprised 19 ASF patients (A-group) and 40 laminoplasty patients (P-group) treated from 1993 to(More)
OBJECT The use of human umbilical cord blood (HUCB) cells has been reported to improve functional recovery in cases of central nervous system injuries such as stroke, traumatic brain injury, and spinal cord injury (SCI). The authors investigated the effects of hemopoietic stem cells that were derived from HUCB and transplanted into the injured spinal cords(More)
The spontaneous dominant mouse mutant, Elbow knee synostosis (Eks), shows elbow and knee joint synosotsis, and premature fusion of cranial sutures. Here we identify a missense mutation in the Fgf9 gene that is responsible for the Eks mutation. Through investigation of the pathogenic mechanisms of joint and suture synostosis in Eks mice, we identify a key(More)
STUDY DESIGN Consecutive case series and literature review. OBJECTIVE To describe the utility of 3-dimensional computed tomographic angiography (3D CTA) for evaluating vertebral artery (VA) anomalies before surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Recent advances in instrumentation surgery at the craniovertebral junction (CVJ) enable us to perform rigid(More)
Recovery in central nervous system disorders is hindered by the limited ability of the vertebrate central nervous system to regenerate lost cells, replace damaged myelin, and re-establish functional neural connections. Cell transplantation to repair central nervous system disorders is an active area of research, with the goal of reducing functional(More)
We compared the effects of hematopoietic stem cell and marrow stromal cell transplantation for spinal cord injury in mice. From green fluorescent protein transgenic mouse bone marrow, lineage-negative, c-kit- and Sca-1-positive cells were sorted as hematopoietic stem cells and plastic-adherent cells were cultured as marrow stromal cells. One week after(More)
Obesity is a risk factor for ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) of the spine, which is characterized by heterotopic bone formation in the posterior longitudinal spinal ligament. Hyperleptinemia is a common feature of obese people and leptin is believed to be an important factor in the pathogenesis of OPLL. However, the association(More)
To comprehensively evaluate gene expression in the early stage of fracture healing, we used a cDNA microarray with 2304 cDNA clones derived from an oligo-capped mouse embryo library. Closed mid-diaphyseal fractures were created in mouse tibiae and expression profiles were analyzed 3 days after fracture. Six genes were up-regulated in comparison to those in(More)
Background. Prevention of graft dislodgement in multilevel cervical corpectomy and fusion has been an unresolved problem. Anterior plate fixation has a significant failure rate. External support with a halo-vest is uncomfortable for patients. In the present study, we report a new surgical technique of anterior pedicle screw (APS) fixation for multilevel(More)
Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) is a protein that stimulates differentiation, proliferation, and survival of granulocytic lineage cells. Recently, a neuroprotective effect of G-CSF was reported in a model of cerebral infarction. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the potential therapeutic effect of G-CSF for spinal cord injury (SCI)(More)