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OBJECT Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) has neuroprotective effects on the CNS. The authors have previously demonstrated that G-CSF also exerts neuroprotective effects in experimental spinal cord injury (SCI) by enhancing migration of bone marrow-derived cells into the damaged spinal cord, increasing glial differentiation of bone marrow-derived(More)
The aim of the present study was to elucidate the effects of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF)-mediated mobilization of bone marrow-derived stem cells on the injured spinal cord. Bone marrow cells of green fluorescent protein (GFP) transgenic mice were transplanted into lethally irradiated C57BL/6 mice. Four weeks after bone marrow(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether transplantation of human bone marrow stromal cell-derived Schwann cells (hBMSC-SC) promotes functional recovery after contusive spinal cord injury of adult rats. Human bone marrow stromal cells (hBMSC) were cultured from bone marrow of adult human patients and induced into Schwann cells (hBMSC-SC) in vitro.(More)
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a multipotential protein that acts as a proinflammatory cytokine, a pituitary hormone, and a cell proliferation and migration factor. The objective of this study was to elucidate the role of MIF in spinal cord injury (SCI) using female MIF knockout (KO) mice. Mouse spinal cord compression injury was produced(More)
Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) is a protein that stimulates differentiation, proliferation, and survival of granulocytic lineage cells. Recently, a neuroprotective effect of G-CSF was reported in a model of cerebral infarction. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the potential therapeutic effect of G-CSF for spinal cord injury (SCI)(More)
OBJECT The use of human umbilical cord blood (HUCB) cells has been reported to improve functional recovery in cases of central nervous system injuries such as stroke, traumatic brain injury, and spinal cord injury (SCI). The authors investigated the effects of hemopoietic stem cells that were derived from HUCB and transplanted into the injured spinal cords(More)
We compared the effects of hematopoietic stem cell and marrow stromal cell transplantation for spinal cord injury in mice. From green fluorescent protein transgenic mouse bone marrow, lineage-negative, c-kit- and Sca-1-positive cells were sorted as hematopoietic stem cells and plastic-adherent cells were cultured as marrow stromal cells. One week after(More)
Recovery in central nervous system disorders is hindered by the limited ability of the vertebrate central nervous system to regenerate lost cells, replace damaged myelin, and re-establish functional neural connections. Cell transplantation to repair central nervous system disorders is an active area of research, with the goal of reducing functional(More)
OBJECT The authors previously reported that Schwann cells (SCs) could be derived from bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) in vitro and that they promoted axonal regeneration of completely transected rat spinal cords in vivo. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the efficacy of transplanted BMSC-derived SCs (BMSC-SCs) in a rat model of spinal cord(More)
OBJECT Clinical use of autologous induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) could circumvent immune rejection and bioethical issues associated with embryonic stem cells. Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a devastating trauma with long-lasting disability, and current therapeutic approaches are not satisfactory. In the present study, the authors used the neural stem(More)