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A many behavioral disturbances, Stereotypic behaviors are among the best discriminators of Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration (FTLD). A recent preliminary report suggests many of the behavioral symptoms, including stereotypic behaviors in FTLD patients, respond to medication with selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors. However, there is no scale that(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE It has been suggested that there is a major difference in the ratio of AD to vascular dementia (VaD) between Japan and Western countries. To determine the type-specific prevalence of dementia in community-dwelling elderly from the Japanese community of Nakayama, all patients with dementing illness underwent a CT scan. METHODS A(More)
BACKGROUND Delusions constitute one of the most prominent psychiatric complications in Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, there is little consensus of the prevalence and associated factors for delusions in AD. AIMS To reveal the characteristics of delusions among Japanese patients with AD. METHOD 112 consecutive patients with AD were recruited over a(More)
BACKGROUND Delusions of theft (delusions involving the theft of possessions) are one of the most frequent neuropsychiatric manifestations of Alzheimer's disease (AD). OBJECTIVE The current study investigated the presence and extent of such delusions before and after drug treatment in a group of AD patients, and the consequent effects on the burden of care(More)
Patients with frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) present a profound personality change, social misconduct, overeating, and stereotyped behavior. We examined the hypothesis that many of the behavioral symptoms of FTLD will respond to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Sixteen FTLD patients were treated with an SSRI (fluvoxamine maleate)(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the validity of the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) and the Short-Memory Questionnaire (SMQ) as screening tests to detect dementia in the elderly general population. SUBJECTS Six hundred and sixty-two subjects and their informants from the elderly general population sample who had completed these tests. SETTING One rural(More)
We investigated the neural substrate of the delusion of theft in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Nine AD patients with only one type of delusion (delusions of theft) and nine age, cognitive function-matched AD patients without any type of delusions were selected from 334 consecutive outpatients of Ehime University Hospital. All subjects underwent(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of mental and behavioural disturbances associated with dementia in elderly people living in the Japanese community of Nakayama. METHODS A door to door three phase population survey was carried out on all persons aged 65 years and older living at home. The study included a psychiatric interview, neurological and(More)
Frontotemporal lobar degeneration is the most common form of cortical dementia occurring in the presenium after Alzheimer's disease. We analyzed two types of frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and semantic dementia (SD) selected from a consecutive series of outpatients based on neuropsychological symptoms, psychiatric symptoms and abnormal behavior. In our(More)
This study describes a method for quantifying cerebral blood flow (CBF) distribution in Alzheimer's disease (AD) from SPECT images obtained with 99m Tc-hexamethylpropyleneamine oxime (HMPAO) by 3-dimensional fractal analysis (3D-FA). Methods: HMPAO SPECT was performed on 68 patients with probable AD and 14 healthy control subjects. We delineated the CBF(More)