Akihiko Maekawa

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Potassium bromate (KBrO3) is an oxidizing agent that has been used as a food additive, mainly in the bread-making process. Although adverse effects are not evident in animals fed bread-based diets made from flour treated with KBrO3, the agent is carcinogenic in rats and nephrotoxic in both man and experimental animals when given orally. It has been(More)
The carcinogenicity of potassium bromate, a food additive and a neutralizer in permanent waving, was tested by adding it to the drinking water of F344 rats for 110 weeks. Groups of 53 males and 53 females, each, were given solutions of 500 or 250 ppm of potassium bromate or distilled water. A concentration of 500 ppm markedly inhibited an increase of body(More)
The present study assessed a carcinogenic hazard of multi-wall carbon nanotube (MWCNT) in intact (not genetically modified) rodents. MWCNT (1 mg/kg body weight, 7 animals), crocidolite (2 mg/kg body weight, 10 animals) or vehicle (2% carboxymethyl cellulose, 5 animals) was administered to male Fischer 344 rats (12 weeks old) by a single intrascrotal(More)
Effects of maternal exposure to low doses of bisphenol A (BPA), including those comparable with human exposure levels, on growth and development of the female reproductive system and uterine carcinogenesis in Donryu rats were investigated. Dams were administered BPA (0, 0.006 and 6 mg/kg/day) daily by gavage from gestation day 2 up to the day before weaning(More)
Long-term in vivo carcinogenicity tests of potassium bromate (KBrO3), sodium hypochlorite (NaClO), and sodium chlorite (NaClO2) have been conducted in Japan from 1977 to 1985. In these investigations, groups of approximately 50 male and 50 female F344 rats or B6C3F1 mice were given solutions of the compounds as their drinking water ad libitum at two dose(More)
It has been reported that flumequine (FLU) induces hepatic tumors in mice when given orally for 18 months. We investigated possible underlying mechanisms using a two-stage mouse hepatocarcinogenesis model. After initiation with a single intraperitoneal injection of 100 mg/kg body weight diethylnitrosamine (DEN) or saline, male CD-1 mice were given 4000 ppm(More)
BACKGROUND Activating transcription factor-4 (ATF4)--also termed CREB2, C/ATF, and TAXREB67--is a basic-leucine zipper (bZip) transcription factor that belongs to the ATF/CREB family. In addition to its own family members, ATF4 can also form heterodimers with other related but distinct bZIP proteins such as the C/EBP, AP-1 and Maf families, which may give(More)
We report a case of a 50-year-old male with ulcerative colitis who developed well-differentiated adenocarcinoma in the ileal J-pouch, which had been defunctioning for 18 years. The extension of the carcinoma in the pouch suggested that it had recently appeared in the pouch. Monitoring by endoscopic examination and biopsy or pouch excision seems to be an(More)
In a previous study, we found that dietary docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)-stimulated tissue lipid peroxide formation was suppressed to a lesser extent than expected from the peroxidizability index of tissue total lipids. This suppression was presumed to be potentiated by mechanisms other than the lipid peroxide-scavenging system. In this study, we focused(More)
The carcinogenicity of sodium and of sodium nitrate was examined in F-344 rats. Sodium nitrite was administered in the drinking-water for 2 yr at levels of 0.125 or 0.25%. Sodium nitrate was given in the diet at levels 2.5 or 5%. A variety of tumours occurred in all groups including the controls. The only significant difference between treated and control(More)