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By a tblastn search with beta 1,4-galactosyltransferases as query sequences, we found an expressed sequence tag that showed similarity in beta 1,4-glycosyltransferase motifs. The full-length complementary DNA was obtained by a method of 5'-rapid amplification of complementary DNA ends. The predicted open reading frame encodes a typical type II membrane(More)
A sequence highly homologous to beta1,4-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase III (beta4GalNAc-T3) was found in a database of human expressed sequence tags. The full-length open reading frame of the gene, beta4GalNAc-T4 (GenBank accession number AB089939), was cloned using the 5' rapid amplification of cDNA ends method. It encodes a typical type II(More)
The mucin-type sialoglycoprotein podoplanin (aggrus) is involved in tumor cell-induced platelet aggregation and tumor metastasis. C-type lectin-like receptor-2 (CLEC-2) was recently identified as an endogenous receptor of podoplanin on platelets. However, the pathophysiological importance and function of CLEC-2 have not been elucidated. Here we clarified(More)
Norovirus (NoV) is a causative agent of acute gastroenteritis. NoV binds to histo-blood group antigens (HBGAs), namely, ABH antigens and Lewis (Le) antigens, in which type 1 and type 2 carbohydrate core structures constitute antigenically distinct variants. Norwalk virus, the prototype strain of norovirus, binds to the gastroduodenal junction, and this(More)
This work presents new frontal affinity chromatography (FAC) methodologies for high-throughput screening of compound libraries, designed to increase screening rates and improve sensitivity and ruggedness in performance. A FAC column constructed around the enzyme N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase V (GnT-V) was implemented in the identification of potential(More)
We found a novel human glycosyltransferase gene carrying a hypothetical beta1,4-glycosyltransferase motif during a BLAST search, and we cloned its full-length open reading frame by using the 5'-rapid amplification of cDNA ends method. It encodes a type II transmembrane protein of 999 amino acids with homology to chondroitin sulfate synthase in its(More)
A new concept of separation technology, supported molecular matrix electrophoresis (SMME), is described. In SMME, analytes migrate in a molecular matrix supported by backbone materials. Here we introduce a novel strategy for the separation and characterization of mucins using SMME. Mucin, a highly tumor-associated glycoprotein, has great potential as(More)
During the N-glycosylation reaction, it has been shown that 'free' N-glycans are generated either from lipid-linked oligosaccharides or from misfolded glycoproteins. In both cases, occurrence of high mannose-type free glycans is well-documented, and the molecular mechanism for their catabolism in the cytosol has been studied. On the other hand, little, if(More)
A novel member of the human UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine:polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase (pp-GalNAc-T) gene family was cloned and designated pp-GalNAc-T14. This type II membrane protein contains all motifs that are conserved in the pp-GalNAc-T family proteins and forms a subfamily with pp-GalNAc-T2 on the phylogenetic tree. Quantitative real(More)
We found a novel glycosyltransferase gene having a hypothetical beta 1,4-galactosyltransferase motif (GenBank accession number ) by a BLAST search and cloned its full-length open reading frame using the 5'-rapid amplification of cDNA ends method. The truncated form was expressed in insect cells as a soluble enzyme. It transferred N-acetylgalactosamine, not(More)