Akihiko Kameyama

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Norovirus (NoV) is a causative agent of acute gastroenteritis. NoV binds to histo-blood group antigens (HBGAs), namely, ABH antigens and Lewis (Le) antigens, in which type 1 and type 2 carbohydrate core structures constitute antigenically distinct variants. Norwalk virus, the prototype strain of norovirus, binds to the gastroduodenal junction, and this(More)
We found a novel human glycosyltransferase gene carrying a hypothetical beta1,4-glycosyltransferase motif during a BLAST search, and we cloned its full-length open reading frame by using the 5'-rapid amplification of cDNA ends method. It encodes a type II transmembrane protein of 999 amino acids with homology to chondroitin sulfate synthase in its(More)
A sequence highly homologous to beta1,4-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase III (beta4GalNAc-T3) was found in a database of human expressed sequence tags. The full-length open reading frame of the gene, beta4GalNAc-T4 (GenBank accession number AB089939), was cloned using the 5' rapid amplification of cDNA ends method. It encodes a typical type II(More)
UNLABELLED Bioinformatics resources for glycomics are very poor as compared with those for genomics and proteomics. The complexity of carbohydrate sequences makes it difficult to define a common language to represent them, and the development of bioinformatics tools for glycomics has not progressed. In this study, we developed a carbohydrate sequence markup(More)
A novel member of the human UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine:polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase (pp-GalNAc-T) gene family was cloned and designated pp-GalNAc-T14. This type II membrane protein contains all motifs that are conserved in the pp-GalNAc-T family proteins and forms a subfamily with pp-GalNAc-T2 on the phylogenetic tree. Quantitative real(More)
We have cloned, expressed and characterized a novel member of the human UDP-GalNAc:polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase (pp-GalNAc-T) family, pp-GalNAc-T15. The pp-GalNAc-T15 transcript was ubiquitously expressed in human tissues. Recombinant pp-GalNAc-T15 transferred N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc) toward a panel of mucin-derived peptide substrates(More)
The mucin-type sialoglycoprotein podoplanin (aggrus) is involved in tumor cell-induced platelet aggregation and tumor metastasis. C-type lectin-like receptor-2 (CLEC-2) was recently identified as an endogenous receptor of podoplanin on platelets. However, the pathophysiological importance and function of CLEC-2 have not been elucidated. Here we clarified(More)
Glycosylation is the most widespread posttranslational modification in eukaryotes; however, the role of oligosaccharides attached to proteins has been little studied because of the lack of a sensitive and easy analytical method for oligosaccharide structures. Recently, tandem mass spectrometric techniques have been revealing that oligosaccharides might have(More)
Changes in oligosaccharide structures are associated with numerous physiological and pathological events. In this study, the effects of cell-cell interactions on N-linked oligosaccharides (N-glycans) were investigated in GE11 epithelial cells. N-glycans were purified from whole cell lysates by hydrazinolysis and then detected by high performance liquid(More)
During the N-glycosylation reaction, it has been shown that 'free' N-glycans are generated either from lipid-linked oligosaccharides or from misfolded glycoproteins. In both cases, occurrence of high mannose-type free glycans is well-documented, and the molecular mechanism for their catabolism in the cytosol has been studied. On the other hand, little, if(More)