Akihiko Ito

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Microphthalmia transcription factor (MITF) is a basic-helix-loop-helix-leucine zipper-type transcription factor. The mutant mi and Mi(wh) alleles encode MITFs with deletion and alteration of a single amino acid, respectively, whereas the tg is a null mutation. In coculture with NIH/3T3 fibroblasts, the numbers of cultured mast cells (CMCs) derived from(More)
Mast cells are progeny of the multipotential hematopoietic stem cell (MHSC). Mast cell-committed progenitors (MCPs) leave hematopoietic tissues, migrate in peripheral blood, invade to connective or mucosal tissue, proliferate and differentiate to morphologically identifiable mast cells. Phenotype of mast cells (connective tissue-type or mucosal type) is(More)
A major component of green tea, a widely consumed beverage, is (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), which has strong antioxidant properties. Our previous study has indicated that free radical production following rat traumatic brain injury (TBI) induces neural degeneration. In this study, we investigated the effects of EGCG on cerebral function and(More)
Cell adhesion molecule 1 (CADM1) on mast cells promotes attachment and communication with neurons by homophilic binding. However, we found that mast cell CADM1 was responsible for both the attachment of mast cells to dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurites and their calcium responses to activated DRG neurites, despite the low expression of CADM1 in DRG. Instead,(More)
RATIONALE Alveolar epithelial cell apoptosis and protease/antiprotease imbalance based proteolysis play central roles in the pathogenesis of pulmonary emphysema but molecular mechanisms underlying these two events are not yet clearly understood. Cell adhesion molecule 1 (CADM1) is a lung epithelial cell adhesion molecule in the immunoglobulin superfamily.(More)
BACKGROUND Lung alveolar epithelial cell (AEC) apoptosis has attracted attention as an early pathogenic event in the development of idiopathic interstitial pneumonia (IIP); however, the causative mechanism remains unclear. Cell adhesion molecule 1 (CADM1) is an AEC adhesion molecule in the immunoglobulin superfamily. It generates a membrane-associated(More)
Pulmonary emphysema is characterized histologically by destruction of alveolar walls and enlargement of air spaces due to lung epithelial cell apoptosis. Cell adhesion molecule 1 (CADM1) is an immunoglobulin superfamily member expressed in lung epithelial cells. CADM1 generates a membrane-associated C-terminal fragment, αCTF, through A disintegrin- and(More)
Recently, we discovered autoantibodies against the amino (NH(2))-terminal of alpha-enolase (NAE) in patients with Hashimoto's encephalopathy (HE) (83.3%; 5/6) [Fujii, A., Yoneda, M., Ito, T., Yamamura, O., Satomi, S., Higa, H., Kimura, M., Suzuki, M., Yamashita, M., Yuasa, T., Suzuki, H., Kuriyama, M., 2005. Autoantibodies against the amino terminal of(More)
We reported previously that the abnormally augmented expression of connexin 26 (Cx26) is responsible for the enhanced spontaneous metastasis of mouse BL6 melanoma cells, and that the exogenous expression of a dominant negative form of Cx26 inhibits the spontaneous metastasis of BL6. Here we show that daily intraperitoneal (i.p.) injections of oleamide, a(More)
Cyclin G-associated kinase (GAK), a key player in clathrin-mediated membrane trafficking, is overexpressed in various cancer cells. Here, we report that GAK expression is positively correlated with the Gleason score in surgical specimens from prostate cancer patients. Embryonic fibroblasts from knockout mice expressing a kinase-dead (KD) form of GAK showed(More)