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Localization of mRNA for the c-kit receptor and its ligand (Sl factor) in the brain of adult rats was studied using in situ hybridization histochemistry. The mRNA for the c-kit receptor was detected in the forebrain, the lower brain stem and the cerebellum. In the forebrain, the c-kit mRNA signals were detected in the olfactory bulb, the caudate-putamen,(More)
Recently, we discovered autoantibodies against the amino (NH(2))-terminal of alpha-enolase (NAE) in patients with Hashimoto's encephalopathy (HE) (83.3%; 5/6) [Fujii, A., Yoneda, M., Ito, T., Yamamura, O., Satomi, S., Higa, H., Kimura, M., Suzuki, M., Yamashita, M., Yuasa, T., Suzuki, H., Kuriyama, M., 2005. Autoantibodies against the amino terminal of(More)
Microphthalmia transcription factor (MITF) is a basic-helix-loop-helix-leucine zipper-type transcription factor. The mutant mi and Mi(wh) alleles encode MITFs with deletion and alteration of a single amino acid, respectively, whereas the tg is a null mutation. In coculture with NIH/3T3 fibroblasts, the numbers of cultured mast cells (CMCs) derived from(More)
Mast cells are progeny of the multipotential hematopoietic stem cell (MHSC). Mast cell-committed progenitors (MCPs) leave hematopoietic tissues, migrate in peripheral blood, invade to connective or mucosal tissue, proliferate and differentiate to morphologically identifiable mast cells. Phenotype of mast cells (connective tissue-type or mucosal type) is(More)
The mouse mi locus encodes a basic-helix-loop-helix-leucine zipper-type transcription factor, microphthalmia transcription factor (MITF). Mice of mi/mi genotype express a mutant form of MITF (mi-MITF), whereas mice of tg/tg genotype have a transgene in the 5' flanking region of the mi gene and do not express MITF. Although the mi/mi mouse is deficient in(More)
A major component of green tea, a widely consumed beverage, is (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), which has strong antioxidant properties. Our previous study has indicated that free radical production following rat traumatic brain injury (TBI) induces neural degeneration. In this study, we investigated the effects of EGCG on cerebral function and(More)
Cell adhesion molecule 1 (CADM1) on mast cells promotes attachment and communication with neurons by homophilic binding. However, we found that mast cell CADM1 was responsible for both the attachment of mast cells to dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurites and their calcium responses to activated DRG neurites, despite the low expression of CADM1 in DRG. Instead,(More)
RATIONALE Alveolar epithelial cell apoptosis and protease/antiprotease imbalance based proteolysis play central roles in the pathogenesis of pulmonary emphysema but molecular mechanisms underlying these two events are not yet clearly understood. Cell adhesion molecule 1 (CADM1) is a lung epithelial cell adhesion molecule in the immunoglobulin superfamily.(More)
Mast cells infiltrate the airway smooth muscle (ASM) of patients with asthma, an event which is likely to be a key factor in the development of this disease. Adhesion is a fundamental mechanism facilitating cellular cross-talk. We have examined whether human lung mast cells (HLMC) and ASM adhere, and have also examined the mechanism involved. Primary(More)
attempt to isolate genes responsible for spontaneous and experimental metastasis in the mouse model Physiology and pathophysiology of nitric oxide in the nervous system, with special mention of the islands of Calleja and the circunventricular organs l e c u l a r mechanisms in the pathogeneis of traumatic brain injury M. El-Salhy: The possible role of the(More)