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BACKGROUND Guidelines recommend that symptoms as well as lung function should be monitored for the management of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, limited data are available regarding the longitudinal change in dyspnea, and it remains unknown which of relevant measurements might be used for following dyspnea. METHODS We(More)
BACKGROUND Acute exacerbations may cause deteriorations in the health status of subjects with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The present study prospectively evaluated the effects of such exacerbations on the health status and pulmonary function of subjects with COPD over a 6-month period, and examined whether those subjects showed a steeper(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is considered to be a respiratory disease with systemic manifestations. Some multidimensional staging systems, not based solely on the level of airflow limitation, have been developed; however, these systems have rarely been compared. METHODS We previously recruited 150 male outpatients with COPD for(More)
BACKGROUND The reversed halo sign may sometimes be seen in patients with cryptogenic organizing pneumonia, but is rarely associated with other diseases. CASE PRESENTATION We present a case study of a 32-year-old male patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, who had previously been treated with chemotherapy for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. A chest X-ray(More)
Horseshoe kidney is a congenital anomaly characterized by medial fusion of the bilateral kidneys. Treatment for an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) with a horseshoe kidney is a technical challenge because of the complex anatomy. We report a successful open surgical repair for a ruptured AAA with a horseshoe kidney. An aortic grafting was performed with(More)
Cardiac myxoma, the most common primary cardiac tumor, usually develops in the left atrium. Right atrial myxomas are rare, especially those accompanied by pulmonary tumor embolism. We describe a case of a right atrial myxoma with a large tumor embolus in the left pulmonary artery. A 74-year-old man was referred to our hospital for the treatment of a right(More)
Asymptomatic rupture of a sinus of Valsalva aneurysm is rare. A fistula following rupture of a sinus of Valsalva aneurysm may cause infective endocarditis. Here, we report a case of infective endocarditis of an aorto-right atrial fistula caused by asymptomatic rupture of a sinus of Valsalva aneurysm. A 45-year-old male, who was first diagnosed with a heart(More)
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