Akihiko Fujita

  • Citations Per Year
Learn More
Small GTPase proteins, including RhoA, RhoB, RhoC, Rac1, and cdc42, are important molecules for linking cell shape and cell-cycle progression because of their role in both cytoskeletal arrangements and mitogenic signaling. Over-expression of wild-type or constitutively active forms of RhoA has been shown to induce invasive behavior in non-invasive rat(More)
This study deals with the high-performance liquid chromatographic identification of methamphetamine (MAMP) and amphetamine (AMP) enantiomers (d- and l-forms) in five illicit MAMP crystals and in urine specimens from 30 Japanese MAMP abusers. The analysis revealed that two of the types of crystals have a different optical purity ratio (l/d) and the other(More)
High tolerance against various extreme environments exhibited by some anhydrobionts might be due to being almost completely desiccated, a state where little or no chemical reactions occur. We have shown that anhydrobiotic larvae of Polypedilum vanderplanki have higher tolerance against both high- and low-linear energy transfer (LET) radiation than hydrated(More)
The larva of the African chironomid Polypedilum vanderplanki can withstand complete desiccation. Our previous reports revealed that even when the larva is dehydrated without a brain, it accumulated a great amount of trehalose and successfully went into anhydrobiosis. In this paper we determined the viability after rehydration in tissues from the larvae(More)
PURPOSE Anhydrobiotic organisms are known to have an extremely high tolerance against a range of stresses. However, the functional role of anhydrobiosis in radiation tolerance is poorly understood, especially in development following irradiation. The present study aims to evaluate effects of anhydrobiosis on radiation tolerance in an anhydrobiotic insect,(More)
PURPOSE Anhydrobiotic larvae of Polypedilum vanderplanki are known to show an extremely high tolerance against a range of stresses. We have recently reported that this insect withstands exposure to high doses of gamma-rays (linear energy transfer [LET] 0.2 keV/microm). However, its tolerance against high LET radiation remains unknown. The aim of this study(More)
Strategies to combat desiccation are critical for organisms living in arid and semi-arid areas. Larvae of the Australian chironomid Paraborniella tonnoiri resist desiccation by reducing water loss. In contrast, larvae of the African species Polypedilum vanderplanki can withstand almost complete dehydration, referred to as anhydrobiosis. For successful(More)
BACKGROUND The visibility and quality of the tracheal intubation may be improved by the video intubating laryngoscope (VIL). However, the efficacy using VIL among novice residents has not been reported. METHODS Total of 154 cases of tracheal intubation experienced by 5 novice residents in 8 weeks were divided into VIL (X-Lite: Rüsch, Germany) group (n =(More)
We evaluated three different tracheal tubes, Portex Profile Soft-Seal Cuff (PSSC), Portex Profile Cuff (PC) and Mallincrodt Lo-Contour (LC), when they are used in the artificial trachea and in anesthetized patients. When a cuff was inflated in the artificial trachea, PSSC with a cuff of high N2O gas-barrier property, and PC could achieve air-tight sealing(More)