Akihide Kamiya

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BACKGROUND & AIMS Stem and progenitor cells exist in normal postnatal livers. However, it has not been possible to clonally isolate or analyze postnatal liver stem/progenitor-like cells (PLSCs) derived from noninjured livers because of a lack of specific surface markers. This study aimed to establish a primary culture system for clone-sorted PLSCs. (More)
UNLABELLED Liver cancers, including hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs), cholangiocarcinomas (CCs), and fibrolamellar HCCs (FL-HCCs) are among the most common cancers worldwide and are associated with a poor prognosis. Investigations of genes important in liver cancers have focused on Sal-like protein 4 (SALL4), a member of a family of zinc finger(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Hepatic stem/progenitor cells possess active proliferative ability and the capacity for differentiation into hepatic and cholangiocytic lineages. Our group and others have shown that a prospectively defined population in mid-gestational fetal liver contains hepatic stem/progenitor cells. However, the phenotypes of such cells are incompletely(More)
UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) enzymes catalyze the glucuronidation reaction, which is a major pathway in the catabolism and elimination of numerous endo- and xenobiotics. Among the UGT enzyme family members, the UGT1A7, UGT1A8, UGT1A9, and UGT1A10 isoforms are issued from a single gene through differential splicing. However, these enzymes display(More)
UNLABELLED The molecular mechanisms regulating differentiation of fetal hepatic stem/progenitor cells, called hepatoblasts, which play pivotal roles in liver development, remain obscure. Wnt signaling pathways regulate the development and differentiation of stem cells in various organs. Although a β-catenin-independent noncanonical Wnt pathway is essential(More)
Although the "cancer stem cell (CSC)" hypothesis was first proposed roughly 50 years ago, recent progress in stem cell biology and technologies has successfully achieved the identification of CSCs in a variety of cancers. CSCs are defined as a minor population which possesses a prominent ability to generate new tumors that faithfully reproduce the phenotype(More)
Stem cells responsible for maintenance and repair of tissues are found in a number of organs. The liver's remarkable capacity to regenerate after hepatectomy or chemical-induced injury does not involve proliferation of stem cells. However, recent studies suggest that liver stem cells exist in both embryonic and adult livers. Using fluorescence-activated(More)
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is not eradicated by current antiviral therapies due to persistence of HBV covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA) in host cells, and thus development of novel culture models for productive HBV infection is urgently needed, which will allow the study of HBV cccDNA eradication. To meet this need, we developed culture models of HBV(More)
The fetal liver, the major site of hematopoiesis during embryonic development, acquires additional functions near birth. Among the important liver functions is the response to xenobiotic exposure due to expression of several cytochromes P450 (CYP) and drug efflux transporters. Expression of these genes is regulated by nuclear receptors such as the pregnane(More)
Actin polymerization is crucial in throm-bopoiesis, platelet adhesion, and mega-karyocyte (MK) and platelet spreading. The Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (WASp) homolog WAVE functions downstream of Rac and plays a pivotal role in lamellipodia formation. While MKs and platelets principally express WAVE1 and WAVE2, which are associated with Abi1, the(More)