Akifumi Kushiyama

Learn More
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activation reportedly suppresses transcriptional activity of the cAMP-responsive element (CRE) in the phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase C (PEPCK-C) promoter and reduces hepatic PEPCK-C expression. Although a previous study found TORC2 phosphorylation to be involved in the suppression of AMPK-mediated CRE transcriptional(More)
BACKGROUND Insulin resistance with elevated glucose is a risk factor for non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). We investigated the effects of the sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor luseogliflozin on NASH development using a rodent model. METHODS Mice were treated with both nicotinamide and streptozotocin (NA/STZ) to reduce insulin secretory(More)
Oxidative stress is associated with diabetes, hypertension and atherosclerosis. Insulin resistance is implicated in the development of these disorders. We tested the hypothesis that oxidative stress induces insulin resistance in rats, and endeavoured to identify mechanisms linking the two. Buthionine sulfoximine (BSO), an inhibitor of glutathione synthase,(More)
OBJECTIVE Hyperuricemia is common in patients with metabolic syndrome. We investigated the role of xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR) in atherosclerosis development, and the effects of the XOR inhibitor allopurinol on this process. METHODS AND RESULTS Oral administration of allopurinol to ApoE knockout mice markedly ameliorated lipid accumulation and(More)
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) regulates both glycogen and lipid metabolism functioning as an intracellular energy sensor. In this study, we identified a 160-kDa protein in mouse skeletal muscle lysate by using a glutathione-S-transferase (GST)-AMPK fusion protein pull-down assay. Mass spectrometry and a Mascot search revealed this protein to be a(More)
Glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1) is widely distributed throughout various tissues and contributes to insulin-independent basal glucose uptake. Using a split-ubiquitin membrane yeast two-hybrid system, we newly identified 4F2 heavy chain (4F2hc) as a membrane protein interacting with GLUT1. Though 4F2hc reportedly forms heterodimeric complexes between amino(More)
Hyperuricemia have been thought to be caused by the ingestion of large amounts of purines, and prevention or treatment of hyperuricemia has intended to prevent gout. Xanthine dehydrogenase/xanthine oxidase (XDH/XO) is rate-limiting enzyme of uric acid generation, and allopurinol was developed as a uric acid (UA) generation inhibitor in the 1950s and has(More)
BACKGROUND DPP-4 inhibitors reportedly exert effects on both alpha and beta cells, and promote the proliferation and survival of beta cells. We investigated the effects of anagliptin on structurally-impaired islets of Langerhans in streptozotocin (STZ)-treated mice, fed either a normal or a high-fat diet. Pdx-1 expression in the pancreas and serum(More)
Disruption of histamine H2 receptor and gastrin receptor had different effects growth of gastric mucosa: hypertrophy and atrophy, respectively. To clarify the roles of gastrin and histamine H2 receptors in gastric mucosa, mice deficient in both (double-null mice) were generated and analyzed. Double-null mice exhibited atrophy of gastric mucosae, marked(More)
Chronic low-grade infection has been suggested to be associated with metabolic disorder such as diabetes. However, the molecular mechanism underlying this important association is largely unknown. The only clue established so far is that many subjects exhibit elevated levels of C-reactive protein as measured by highly sensitive assay. Here, we hypothesized(More)