Akifumi Kiyota

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AIM Natural-killer group 2, member D (NKG2D) is an activating receptor on natural killer cells and activated T-cells, designated cytokine-activated killer (CAK) cells here. The MHC class I chain-related A and B (MICA and MICB, respectively) are ligands of NKG2D and are expressed on various human tumor cells, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells.(More)
AIM We explored the possibility of combining adoptive immunotherapy with cytokine-activated killer (CAK) cells and the epidermal growth factor receptor monoclonal antibody, cetuximab, as a treatment for cholangiocarcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS CAK cells were cultured with a high-dose of interleukin-2 and anti-CD3 monoclonal antibodies. This cell(More)
Natural-killer group 2, member D (NKG2D) is an activating receptor found on activated natural killer cells and on activated T-cells, here termed cytokine-activated killer (CAK) cells. NKG2D ligands are expressed on various human cancer types. Gemcitabine is an anticancer drug which is a less immune-destructive agent than others. Herein, we investigated the(More)
AIM Sorafenib is a promising treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) but recent toxicity concerns suggest that new strategies for its use are needed. One approach for reducing toxicity is to use lower doses of sorafenib in combination with other complementary mechanisms. Celecoxib, a cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor, has been shown to inhibit HCC, and we(More)
Immunotherapy using cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (CTLs) still has limited success. An increase in the frequency of CTL administration is one method to improve immunotherapy using CTLs. The conventional method (C-method) that generates CTLs after the induction of dendritic cells requires a long time period. If CTLs can be more rapidly and simply induced, the(More)
Activated lymphocytes have the ability to undergo non-directional cell movement known as random migration, although the biological role for this remains unclear. Herein, we investigated how random migration affects cytotoxicity of activated lymphocytes using time-lapse imaging analysis. The kinetics of random migration paralleled cytotoxicity in activated(More)
Hedgehog (Hh) signaling is activated in various types of cancer and contributes to the progression, proliferation, and invasiveness of cancer cells. Many Hh inhibitors are undergoing clinical trial and show promise as anticancer drugs. Hh signaling is also induced in the activated T and NK (TNK) lymphocytes that are used in immunotherapy. Activated TNK(More)
Cancer stem-like properties of various types of cancer, including pancreatic cancer, one of the most aggressive types, correlate with metastasis, invasion, and therapeutic resistance. More importantly, chemoresistance in cancer stem-like cells (CSLCs) is a critical problem for eradication of pancreatic cancer. Several cell surface markers, such as CD44 and(More)
Immunotherapy using monocyte derived dendritic cells (Mo-DCs) from cancer patients has been developed; however, the Mo-DCs regularly studied have been derived from non-cancer bearing donors or mice, and evaluated in normoxic conditions. In the present study, we investigated the effects of Hedgehog (Hh) inhibitors which are being developed as molecular(More)
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