Akif Eskalen

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The invasive Asian ambrosia beetle Euwallacea sp. (Coleoptera, Scolytinae, Xyleborini) and a novel Fusarium sp. that it farms in its galleries as a source of nutrition causes serious damage to more than 20 species of live trees and pose a serious threat to avocado production (Persea americana) in Israel and California. Adult female beetles are equipped with(More)
Symptoms of decline have been observed on dying coast live oak (Quercus agrifolia) trees in areas throughout southern California that are both infested and uninfested by the gold-spotted oak borer (GSOB). The purpose of this study was to identify and assess the pathogenicity of several anamorph species of the Botryosphaeriaceae, including Diplodia(More)
The mutualism between xyleborine beetles in the genus Euwallacea (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) and members of the Ambrosia Fusarium Clade (AFC) represents one of 11 known evolutionary origins of fungiculture by ambrosia beetles. Female Euwallacea beetles transport fusarial symbionts in paired mandibular mycangia from their natal gallery to woody(More)
Root rots of grapevine in California are caused by several soilborne pathogens. While root rot in vineyards in general has been considered to be a relative minor problem, nearly all root diseases have increased in incidence and severity since the introduction of rootstocks resistant to Phylloxera. Pathogens such as Phytophthora spp. and Armillaria mellea(More)
Fusarium euwallaceae is a well-characterized fungal symbiont of the exotic ambrosia beetle Euwallacea sp. (polyphagous shot hole borer [PSHB]), together inciting Fusarium dieback on many host plants in Israel and California. Recent discoveries of additional fungal symbionts within ambrosia beetle mycangia suggest these fungi occur as communities.(More)
Ambrosia beetle fungiculture represents one of the most ecologically and evolutionarily successful symbioses, as evidenced by the 11 independent origins and 3500 species of ambrosia beetles. Here we document the evolution of a clade within Fusarium associated with ambrosia beetles in the genus Euwallacea (Coleoptera: Scolytinae). Ambrosia Fusarium Clade(More)
Several species of the ambrosia beetle Euwallacea (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) cultivate Ambrosia Fusarium Clade (AFC) species in their galleries as a source of food. Like all other scolytine beetles in the tribe Xyleborini, Euwallacea are thought to be obligate mutualists with their fungal symbionts. Published diversification-time estimates(More)
A recently discovered ambrosia beetle with the proposed common name of polyphagous shot hole borer (Euwallacea sp., Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae), is reported to attack >200 host tree species in southern California, including many important native and urban landscape trees. This invasive beetle, along with its associated fungi, causes branch(More)
‘Fukumoto’ navel orange budwood was introduced into California from Japan by Glenn Dale of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) in 1983 (www.citrusvariety.ucr.edu). Fukumoto has many desirable attributes. It matures early (late October), typically three to four weeks earlier than Washington navel, it has deep reddish rind color that makes it(More)
B and Phomopsis/Diaporthe (P/D) spp. are fungal pathogens known to cause cankers on a variety of woody hosts such as avocado, grapevine, almond, citrus, cherry, plum, mango, and coast live oak. On avocado (Persea americana Mill.), the disease came to be known as Dothiorella canker because the pathogen most often isolated at the time was known as Dothiorella(More)
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