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Symptoms of decline have been observed on dying coast live oak (Quercus agrifolia) trees in areas throughout southern California that are both infested and uninfested by the gold-spotted oak borer (GSOB). The purpose of this study was to identify and assess the pathogenicity of several anamorph species of the Botryosphaeriaceae, including Diplodia(More)
The mutualism between xyleborine beetles in the genus Euwallacea (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) and members of the Ambrosia Fusarium Clade (AFC) represents one of 11 known evolutionary origins of fungiculture by ambrosia beetles. Female Euwallacea beetles transport fusarial symbionts in paired mandibular mycangia from their natal gallery to woody(More)
Ambrosia beetle fungiculture represents one of the most ecologically and evolutionarily successful symbioses, as evidenced by the 11 independent origins and 3500 species of ambrosia beetles. Here we document the evolution of a clade within Fusarium associated with ambrosia beetles in the genus Euwallacea (Coleoptera: Scolytinae). Ambrosia Fusarium Clade(More)
The invasive Asian ambrosia beetle Euwallacea sp. (Coleoptera, Scolytinae, Xyleborini) and a novel Fusarium sp. that it farms in its galleries as a source of nutrition causes serious damage to more than 20 species of live trees and pose a serious threat to avocado production (Persea americana) in Israel and California. Adult female beetles are equipped with(More)
Fusarium euwallaceae is a well-characterized fungal symbiont of the exotic ambrosia beetle Euwallacea sp. (polyphagous shot hole borer [PSHB]), together inciting Fusarium dieback on many host plants in Israel and California. Recent discoveries of additional fungal symbionts within ambrosia beetle mycangia suggest these fungi occur as communities.(More)
The University of California prohibits discrimination or harassment of any person on the basis of race, color, national origin, religion, sex, gender identity, pregnancy (including childbirth, and medical conditions related to pregnancy or childbirth), physical or mental disability, medical condition (cancer-related or genetic characteristics), ancestry,(More)
Several species of the ambrosia beetle Euwallacea (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) cultivate Ambrosia Fusarium Clade (AFC) species in their galleries as a source of food. Like all other scolytine beetles in the tribe Xyleborini, Euwallacea are thought to be obligate mutualists with their fungal symbionts. Published diversification-time estimates(More)
Fig. 1. Samples of gummosis and branch canker caused by Botryosphaeria collected from three different locations. T he occurrence of branch or trunk cankers on citrus caused by members of the Botryosphaeriaceae is known as Dothiorella gummosis due to the gum or sap that may exude from the canker. Symptoms include grayish to brown discoloration on the bark,(More)
B otryosphaeriaceae and Phomopsis/Diaporthe (P/D) spp. are fungal pathogens known to cause cankers on a variety of woody hosts such as avocado, grapevine, almond, citrus, cherry, plum, mango, and coast live oak. On avocado (Persea americana Mill.), the disease came to be known as Dothio-rella canker because the pathogen most often isolated at the time was(More)
We were also accompanied by Extension Agents, Ryan Atwood and Linda Seals. Orlando is toward the southern edge of the infestation of this disease that started in Georgia and spread into South Carolina and northern Florida. As of February it had spread down the Atlantic coast to as close as 100 miles from Miami. The insect was first noticed at the Savannah,(More)