Learn More
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Previous studies have demonstrated that cardiac rehabilitation (CR) improves exercise tolerance and muscle strength in patients with myocardial infarction (MI) and in patients after cardiac surgery. However, the association between exercise tolerance and muscular strength following CR and the comparison of relationships among various(More)
BACKGROUND Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) accumulates features of a chronic inflammatory disorder and irreversible destruction of connective tissue. A recent experimental study identified c-Jun N terminal kinase (JNK) as a proximal signaling molecule in the pathogenesis of AAA and vascular dendritic cells as key players in the inflammatory reaction and(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebrovascular accidents (CVA) are a major adverse event following cardiac surgery, for which atrial fibrillation (AF) is considered as a risk factor. We have recently performed left atrial appendage (LAA) surgical closure or amputation (LAAC/A), which is the main source of emboli, during open-heart surgery. METHODSANDRESULTS A prospective(More)
BACKGROUND The impact of diabetes mellitus (DM) on muscle mass, muscle strength, and exercise tolerance in patients who had undergone coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has not been fully elucidated. METHODS We enrolled 329 consecutive patients who received cardiac rehabilitation (CR) after CABG (DM group, n=178; non-DM group, n=151) and measured lean(More)
BACKGROUND Skeletonized arterial grafting may reduce the risk of graft spasm and may improve graft patency. Previously we reported a pilot study of skeletonized gastroepiploic artery (GEA) grafting with favorable results. Skeletonized GEA harvesting with an ultrasonic scalpel has now become our routine procedure. In this report, we compare the early(More)
BACKGROUND We aimed to determine expression patterns of cardiac stem cells in the left atrium (LA) tissue from patients with atrial fibrillation. METHODS LA appendages were obtained during open-heart surgery and processed for explant cell culture and tissue analysis (n=319). The total number of grown cells and c-kit positive cells were analyzed by flow(More)
The patient was a 50-year-old man with diabetes who was on insulin. Complications of mediastinitis developed after coronary bypass surgery, which had been performed for unstable angina. Upon hospital admission, the patient was treated with antibiotics, and the wound was cleaned on a daily basis. However, because the patient's fever persisted, the wound was(More)
PURPOSE To describe a technique suitable for treating severely angulated (>75°) necks during endovascular aneurysm repair using the Endurant stent-graft. TECHNIQUE In the push-up technique, the suprarenal stent is released early to fix the proximal stent-graft in place so that each stent in the neck can be deployed individually without displacing the(More)
A retrospective study was conducted to identify patient risk factors associated with gentamicin nephrotoxicity using multivariate analysis. Patients were evaluated for nephrotoxicity using an algorithm that considers serum creatinine, previous general experience with the drug, alternative etiologic candidates, timing of events, drug concentrations or(More)
BACKGROUND Adequate fluid management is an important component of patient care following cardiac surgery. Our aim in this study was to determine the benefits of tolvaptan, an oral selective vasopressin-2 receptor antagonist that causes electrolyte-free water diuresis, in postoperative fluid management. We prospectively examined the effect of tolvaptan on(More)