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Asian Foreign Policy in a Changing Arctic
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Japan’s Arctic Policy
With a history of polar engagement, Japan takes a liberal position in the Arctic and tries to promote multilateral solutions. Japan’s official Arctic policy lists global environment, indigenousExpand
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The Arctic policy of China and Japan: multi-layered economic and strategic motivations
At the May 2013 Arctic Council Ministerial Meeting, five Asian states, namely China, Japan, India, Singapore and South Korea, were accepted to become new Permanent Observers at the Arctic Council.Expand
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China’s Arctic Policy
China entered the Arctic as part of its “omnidirectional diplomacy” from the late 1990s, branching out and going global, supported by rapid economic growth. As a “near-Arctic state,” China has aExpand
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India’s Arctic Policy
India tends to look at its Arctic engagement through an Antarctic lens, preferring to treat the Arctic as a global commons subject to an international legal regime similar to the Antarctic Treaty.Expand
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Sustainable Development in Thailand
This article examines the effect of development assistance programs on Local Agenda 21 (LA21) programs in three municipalities of Thailand. First, the article examines institutional changes inExpand
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Arctic Policy of South Korea (Republic of Korea)
Despite its recent entry into the Arctic arena, South Korea envisages itself as a future Polar leading nation with an official Arctic policy that aims to strengthen international cooperation,Expand
Singapore’s Arctic Policy
Singapore regards itself as vulnerable to the external environment due to its size, geography, and ethnic diversity. Singapore perceives developments in the Arctic, particularly the emergence of theExpand
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