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Alzheimer's disease is an age-dependent neurodegenerative disorder that is characterized by a progressive decline in cognitive function. gamma-secretase dysfunction is evident in many cases of early onset familial Alzheimer's disease. However, the mechanism by which gamma-secretase dysfunction results in memory loss and neurodegeneration is not fully(More)
The Rab3 small G protein family consists of four members, Rab3A, -3B, -3C, and -3D. Of these members, Rab3A regulates Ca(2+)-dependent neurotransmitter release. These small G proteins are activated by Rab3 GDP/GTP exchange protein (Rab3 GEP). To determine the function of Rab3 GEP during neurotransmitter release, we have knocked out Rab3 GEP in mice. Rab3(More)
The neuronal network is tightly regulated by a large variety of locally connected GABAergic neurons. Neuregulin1 (Nrg1) and its receptor ErbB4 are master regulators in the morphological and functional development of excitatory synapses in GABAergic neurons. We previously showed that the immunoglobulin-like cell adhesion molecule, nectin-like molecule-2(More)
Loss of synapses is associated with cognitive impairment in Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the molecular mechanism underlying this synaptic impairment is not well understood. EphA4 is a substrate of γ-secretase, and the γ-secretase-cleaved EphA4 intracellular domain (EICD) is known to enhance the formation of dendritic spines via activation of the Rac(More)
Rab GDP dissociation inhibitor alpha (Rab GDIalpha) is a regulator of the Rab small G proteins implicated in neurotransmission, and mutations of Rab GDIalpha cause human X-linked mental retardation associated with epileptic seizures. In Rab GDIalpha-deficient mice, synaptic potentials in the CA1 region of the hippocampus displayed larger enhancement during(More)
Laminins play an important role in neuronal development. However, the effects of each laminin isoform on neurite morphology remain unclear. Here, we examined the effects of particular laminin (LN) isoforms on hippocampal neuron morphology. We found that LN-511 remarkably promoted elongation of both axons and dendrites, but reduced the number of dendrites.(More)
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