Aki Namba

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Prostaglandin (PG) E(2), which exerts its actions via the PG receptors EP1-4, is produced from arachidonic acid by cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 and COX-2. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms by which interleukin (IL)-1beta induces the expression of PG receptors in cultured human chondrocytes and to explore the role of PGE(2) in this process.(More)
Cytokines released at sites of inflammation and infection can alter the normal processes of cartilage turnover, resulting in pathologic destruction or formation. Interleukin (IL)-1beta plays a central role in the pathophysiology of cartilage damage and degradation in arthritis. In the present study, we examined the effect of IL-1beta on the expression of(More)
Elevated concentrations of interleukin (IL)-6 and soluble IL-6 receptor (sIL-6Ralpha) in synovial fluid have been implicated in joint cartilage destruction. We examined the effect of IL-6 and sIL-6Ralpha on cell growth, alkaline phosphatase (ALPase) activity, and the expression of Sox-9, type II collagen, aggrecan core, link protein, BMP-7, and BMP(More)
Elevated interleukin (IL)-1 concentrations in synovial fluid have been implicated in joint bone and cartilage destruction. Previously, we showed that IL-1beta stimulated the expression of prostaglandin (PG) receptor EP4 via increased PGE(2) production. However, the effect of IL-1beta on osteoclast formation via chondrocytes is unclear. Therefore, we(More)
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