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Postoperative monitoring of cardiac operated patients requires appropriately functioning monitor alarms as well as intensive nursing activity. The limit alarms can be used for detection of life-threatening situations and monitoring of physiological changes in the patient's state. We studied the significance and the frequency of audible alarms during the(More)
We studied the effects of removing brief variations in the monitoring data on the quality of limit alarms during the postoperative haemodynamic monitoring of cardiac patients. The variations were removed by median filtering. The false alarm frequency was reduced by more than two-thirds compared with a typical patient monitor. We designed and clinically(More)
A knowledge-based alarm system for intensive care monitoring was designed, built, tested on-line, and evaluated. The system is a functional prototype of a highly specific patient monitor providing alarms on hypovolemia, hyperdynamic state, left ventricular failure and hypoventilation. These intelligent alarm functions aim to maintain the quality of patient(More)
An intelligent alarm system for the postoperative monitoring of cardiac surgery patients, which did not require any manual data entries, was tested in two phases. A clinician monitored at bedside the patients' recovery and verified clinically abnormal physiological states. After the first test with ten patients, the system's rulebase was upgraded and then(More)
To survey the routine use of bedside multivariable monitors in monitoring cardiac postoperative patients, 23 experienced anesthesiologists and cardiac surgeons were first asked to list which variables and what limit alarms they used. Then they defined to what extent the variables' values were allowed to deviate before therapeutic actions were needed.(More)
The development of intelligent alarm systems for intensive care benefits from the transformation of data from a quantitative to a qualitative mode. We constructed a computerized algorithm for the symbolization of on-line monitoring data of heart rate, systemic arterial, pulmonary arterial and central venous pressures, as well as central and peripheral(More)
IP networks allow constructing versatile device configurations for multimedia streaming. However, the stochastic nature of the packet-switched data transmission may complicate IP-based implementations of some conventional applications such as analog wired transmission of synchronized multi-channel audio. This paper introduces a multimedia streaming system(More)
The in-situ responses of a total of 372 loudspeakers in 164 professional monitoring rooms around the world have been measured after acoustical calibration. All measured rooms have been equipped with factory calibrated three way monitors and acoustically calibrated with standardized apparatus. The results provide a thorough understanding of typical(More)