Aki Kangasmäki

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Few studies have concerned the absolute apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values in the normal human brain and the effect of aging on diffusion. Therefore, our purpose was to determine whether the average ADC (ADC(av)) values in the various regions of the brain differ with age, sex, or hemisphere and to establish reference values(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The submandibular glands produce most of the unstimulated saliva output and are the key in prevention of radiation-related xerostomia. We investigated whether sparing of the submandibular function is feasible with intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). PATIENTS AND METHODS Thirty-six patients diagnosed with head and neck cancer(More)
Four different postprocessing methods to determine cerebral blood volume (CBV) and contrast agent mean transit time (MTT) by dynamic susceptibility contrast (DSC) MRI were compared. CBV was determined by two different methods that integrate tracer concentration-time curves numerically and by two other methods that take recirculation into account. For the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The determination of cerebral blood flow heterogeneity (FH) by dynamic susceptibility contrast (DSC) magnetic resonance imaging has recently been proposed as a tool to predict final infarct size in acute stroke. In this study, we describe the evolution of FH during the first week as well as its correlation to the patients' clinical(More)
A numerical model with a memory effect was created to describe the kinetics of 10B in blood after a single 4-dihydroxyborylphenylalanine-fructose complex (BPA-F) infusion in boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT). The model formulation was based on the averaged data from 10 glioma patients from the Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) BNCT-trials. These(More)
The quantification of a BNCT 10B-carrier, L-p-boronophenylalanine-fructose complex (BPA-F), was evaluated using 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS) with phantoms at 1.5 and 3.0 T. For proper quantification, relaxation times T1 and T2 are needed. While T1 is relatively easy to determine, the determination of T2 of a coupled spin system of aromatic(More)
We explored functional brain changes with positron emission tomography (PET) in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) patients and elderly normal controls by employing an episodic memory task that included two successive encoding trials of semantically related word-pairs and final retrieval. Both groups demonstrated significant learning across the two trials. The(More)
Radium-223-dichloride ((223)RaCl₂) is a new bone-seeking calcium analogue alpha-emitter, which has obtained marketing authorization for the treatment skeletal metastases of hormone-refractory prostate cancer. The current treatment regimen is based on six consecutive doses of (223)RaCl₂ at 4 week intervals and the administered activity dose, 50 kBq/kg per(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to examine the distribution of local anesthetic solution by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) after combined peribulbar and retrobulbar, superomedial retrobulbar, and sub-Tenon's injection in relation to clinical akinesia. DESIGN Randomized clinical trial. PARTICIPANTS Fifteen patients scheduled for cataract surgery, 5(More)