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To discover antimalarial substances from plants cultivated in Thailand 80%-EtOH extracts from selected plants were screened for in vitro antimalarial activity against the drug resistant K1 strain of Plasmodium falciparum. In total, 86 Thai medicinal plant samples representing 48 species from 35 genera in 16 families were screened and two species (Polyalthia(More)
Ethyl acetate (EtOAc) extract from the stem bark of Erythrina fusca showed a antimalarial activity against the multi-drug-resistant strain (K1) of Plasmodium falciparum, and six flavonoids, lupinifolin (1), citflavanone (2), erythrisenegalone (3), lonchocarpol A (4), liquiritigenin (5), and 8-prenyldaidzein (6), were isolated from the extract. Diprenylated(More)
We accomplished the solid-phase total synthesis of malformin C, which is adaptable for the easy preparation of various derivatives. A solid-phase total synthesis of malformin C was achieved by on-resin macrolactamization and disulfide bond formation, with concurrent cleavage from the resin. Antimalarial and antitrypanosomal activities were examined, which(More)
Sir: In the course of our program to discover antimalarial antibiotics active against drug-resistant parasites, by screening soil microorganisms and antibiotic library of the Kitasato Institute for Life Sciences, we previously reported on various microbial metabolites exhibiting potent antimalarial properties1-4). Now, we find that prumycin5-7), a compound(More)
Two new nucleotide antibiotics, named sinefungin VA and dehydrosinefungin V, were separated by cation exchange column chromatography and purified by HPLC from the culture broth of Streptomyces sp. K05-0178, together with the known antibiotics, sinefungin, dehydrosinefungin and KSA-9342. The structures of the two novel sinefungin analogs were elucidated by(More)
More than 400 compounds isolated from soil microorganisms, and catalogued in the antibiotic library of the Kitasato Institute for Life Sciences, were screened against African trypanosomes. Ten compounds were found to have selective and potent antitrypanosomal activity in vitro: aureothin, cellocidin, destomycin A, echinomycin, hedamycin, irumamycin, LL-Z(More)
Five pregnane glycosides were isolated from Caralluma tuberculata (1-5), in addition to a known one (russelioside E, 6). The structures of the isolated compounds were elucidated by the analysis of NMR data and FAB-MS experiments. All the isolated compounds were tested for their antimalarial and antitrypanosomal activities as well as their cytotoxicity(More)
Borrelidin, a structurally unique 18-membered macrolide, was found to express antimalarial activity against drug-resistant Plasmodium falciparum malaria parasites, with IC50 value of 0.93 ng/mL. However, it also displays strong cytotoxicity against human diploid embryonic MRC-5 cells. To investigate the issue of the cytotoxicity of borrelidin,(More)
Our on-going screening program to discover new antitrypanosomal antibiotics has been evaluating compounds isolated from soil microorganisms as well as investigating the antibiotic libraries of the Kitasato Institute for Life Sciences and BioFrontier Laboratories of Kyowa Hakko Kogyo Co., Ltd. We have now discovered two compounds, KS-505a and alazopeptin,(More)