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During our search to discover new antitrypanosomal compounds, eight known plant compounds (three phenolic compounds and five kawa lactones) were evaluated for in vitro activity against Trypanosoma brucei brucei. Among them, we found two phenolic compounds and three kawa lactones possessing an α-pyrone influenced antitrypanosomal property. In particular,(More)
In the course of our screening program to discover antimalarial antibiotics, which are active against drug resistant Plasmodium falciparum in vitro and rodents infected with P. berghei in vivo, from the culture broth of microorganisms, we found a selective and potent active substance produced by an actinomycete strain K99-0413. It was identified as a known(More)
More than 400 compounds isolated from soil microorganisms, and catalogued in the antibiotic library of the Kitasato Institute for Life Sciences, were screened against African trypanosomes. Ten compounds were found to have selective and potent antitrypanosomal activity in vitro: aureothin, cellocidin, destomycin A, echinomycin, hedamycin, irumamycin, LL-Z(More)
Two new nucleotide antibiotics, named sinefungin VA and dehydrosinefungin V, were separated by cation exchange column chromatography and purified by HPLC from the culture broth of Streptomyces sp. K05-0178, together with the known antibiotics, sinefungin, dehydrosinefungin and KSA-9342. The structures of the two novel sinefungin analogs were elucidated by(More)
Our on-going screening program to discover new antitrypanosomal antibiotics has been evaluating compounds isolated from soil microorganisms as well as investigating the antibiotic libraries of the Kitasato Institute for Life Sciences and BioFrontier Laboratories of Kyowa Hakko Kogyo Co., Ltd. We have now discovered two compounds, KS-505a and alazopeptin,(More)
A new lycorine derivative LT1 (4) was isolated from the aerial part and bulbs of Lycoris traubii Hayward (Amaryllidaceae). Its structure including absolute configuration was established by spectroscopic analysis and semi-synthesis to be 1-O-(3'S)-hydroxybutanoyllycorine. Some lycorine ester derivatives including LT1 were examined for their inhibitory(More)
Five pregnane glycosides were isolated from Caralluma tuberculata (1-5), in addition to a known one (russelioside E, 6). The structures of the isolated compounds were elucidated by the analysis of NMR data and FAB-MS experiments. All the isolated compounds were tested for their antimalarial and antitrypanosomal activities as well as their cytotoxicity(More)
Three novel antitrypanosomal alkaloids, named spoxazomicins A-C, were isolated by silica gel column chromatography and HPLC from the culture broth of a new endophytic actinomycete species, Streptosporangium oxazolinicum K07-0460(T). The structures of the spoxazomicins were elucidated by NMR and X-ray crystal analyses and shown to be new types of pyochelin(More)
During the course of screening to discover antitrypanosomal compounds, 24 known plant terpenes (6 sesquiterpenes, 14 sesquiterpene lactones and 4 diterpenes) were evaluated for in vitro antitrypanosomal activity against Trypanosoma brucei brucei. Among them, 22 terpenes exhibited antitrypanosomal activity. In particular, α-eudesmol, hinesol, nardosinone and(More)