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Vanilloid receptor 1 (TRPV1) antagonists are known to attenuate the neuropathic pain symptoms in peripheral nerve injury models, but the mechanism(s) of their effect remains unclear. At the same time, the role of spinal TRPV1 in pain transduction system has not been fully understood. In this study, the role of spinal TRPV1 in mechanical allodynia in rat(More)
Nociceptin/orphanin FQ peptide (NOP)-receptor agonists have been shown to produce anxiolytic-like effects in rodents subjected to various behavioral assays. Recently, we developed a new nonpeptide agonist of the NOP receptor, 1-[1-(1-methylcyclooctyl)-4-piperidinyl]-2-[(3R)-3-piperidinyl]-1H-benzimidazole (MCOPPB), as an anxiolytic agent. MCOPPB has a high(More)
Transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) antagonists are known to attenuate two typical symptoms of inflammatory hyperalgesia: thermal and mechanical. However, it is not clear whether the sites of participation of TRPV1 for each symptom are different. In this study, we clarified the difference between the site of TRPV1 involvement in both symptoms(More)
A 51-year-old man with non-HLA-DR2 histocompatibility developed classic signs and symptoms of the narcoleptic tetrad soon after recovering from an episode of cardiopulmonary insufficiency, which occurred during induction of surgical anesthesia. Symptoms included excessive daytime sleepiness, hypnagogic hallucinations, sleep paralysis, and cataplexy. The(More)
The involvement of spinal transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) in formalin-evoked pain has remained unclear, because investigation of this kind of pain with selective antagonists has not been conducted. The purpose of this study is to investigate the participation of spinal TRPV1 in formalin-evoked pain with iodo-resiniferatoxin (I-RTX), a(More)
Color-coded, cross-sectional imaging of local cerebral blood flow (LCBF) was made in a prospective manner among 22 patients with well-established common or classic migraine utilizing the stable xenon-enhanced computed tomographic (Xe CT-CBF) method. LCBF in patients during spontaneously occurring headaches (N = 12) were significantly higher compared to(More)
Results of measurements of LCBF and L lambda values utilizing optimal CT-CBF methods under resting conditions are reported among thirty-two neurologically normal volunteers aged between 20 and 88 years. Measurements were made during inhalation of 26-30% stable xenon gas for 8 min and serial scanning utilizing a state-of the-art CT scanner with both eyes(More)
Although low-dose aspirin is widely used, since it is a cheap and effective means of prevention of cardiovascular events, it can cause hemorrhagic gastrointestinal complications. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of rebamipide in preventing low-dose aspirin-induced gastric injury. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover(More)
Seventeen severe chronic alcoholic patients with and without Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (WKS) were examined prospectively after being treated by withdrawal from alcohol. The WKS patients also received thiamine supplements. Three-dimensional measurements of local cerebral blood flow (LCBF) and local partition coefficients (L lambda) were made utilizing(More)
An endogenous heptadecapeptide, nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ), and a G-protein-coupled receptor, N/OFQ peptide (NOP) receptor [or opioid-receptor-like-1 (ORL1) receptor], have been described in terms of its structure, distribution, and pharmacology. Thus, the N/OFQ and NOP receptor are located in the central nervous systems in humans, primates, and(More)