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IMPORTANCE Epigenetic studies present unique opportunities to advance schizophrenia research because they can potentially account for many of its clinical features and suggest novel strategies to improve disease management. OBJECTIVE To identify schizophrenia DNA methylation biomarkers in blood. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS The sample consisted of(More)
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), which mediates pleiotropic actions within the vascular system, is a prominent regulator of microvascular tone. By virtue of its S1P-degrading function, we hypothesized that S1P-phosphohydrolase 1 (SPP1) is an important regulator of tone in resistance arteries. Hamster gracilis muscle resistance arteries express mRNA encoding(More)
The central importance of epigenetics to the aging process is increasingly being recognized. Here we perform a methylome-wide association study (MWAS) of aging in whole blood DNA from 718 individuals, aged 25-92 years (mean = 55). We sequenced the methyl-CpG-enriched genomic DNA fraction, averaging 67.3 million reads per subject, to obtain methylation(More)
Nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) is constitutively activated in a variety of human cancers including prostate cancer and involved in tumorigenesis, tumor progression and chemo-resistance. Insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) is a potent tumor suppressor and is significantly suppressed in a variety of cancers. Diverse biological effects of(More)
IGFBP-3 is known to possess intrinsic biological activities such as anti-tumor property in addition to its IGF/IGF-R axis-dependent actions in a variety of human cancers including breast cancer. To investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying the intrinsic biological actions of IGFBP-3 on breast cancer cells, we performed yeast two-hybrid screening and(More)
Insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) is a multifunctional protein known for modulating mitogenic and metabolic actions of IGFs as well as exerting a variety of biological actions not involving IGFs. Here, we show that IGFBP-3 blocks specific physiological consequences of asthma in an IGF-independent manner in vitro and in vivo. IGFBP-3(More)
IGFBP-3 is a tumor suppressor whose expression is frequently suppressed in lung cancer. NNK, the most potent tobacco carcinogen, enhanced cell proliferation of BEAS-2B normal lung epithelial cells and concomitantly suppressed IGFBP-3 expression through DNA methylation. Decreased IGFBP-3 expression and elevated levels of phospho-Akt, phospho-p65-NF-κB, and(More)
BACKGROUND Methylome-wide association (MWAS) studies present a new way to advance the search for biological correlates for alcohol use. A challenge with methylation studies of alcohol involves the causal direction of significant methylation-alcohol associations. One way to address this issue is to combine MWAS data with genomewide association study (GWAS)(More)
We have demonstrated the synthesis of regioisomerically pure unsymmetrical xanthene derivatives consisting of three units which can be independently modified to control their physical properties. The photochemical properties of the synthetic unsymmetrical xanthene derivatives were investigated in solution by UV-vis absorption and fluorescence measurements,(More)
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