Akhmad A. Ismail

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Type 2 diabetes is globally increasing in prevalence and is widely recognized as a major cause of morbidity and mortality, as well as being a burden to the health-care services. Planning for current and future diabetes services requires up-to-date prevalence information. The enumeration of Type 2 diabetes is, however, surprisingly difficult. Large numbers(More)
INTRODUCTION This study aimed to compare the quality of life based on the Short Form-36 (SF-36) between two different groups of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with glycaemic control: those with a glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) level at or below 7.5 percent and those above 7.5 percent. METHODS In this cross-sectional study, a generic SF-36(More)
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are becoming increasingly common and important in developing countries, yet their enumeration is problematic. We have attempted to enumerate NCD patients in a rural district of KwazuluNatal, South Africa, using the techniques of electronic data linkage and capture-recapture (CR). We examined four major NCDs (hypertension,(More)
Nosocomial blood stream infection (or nosocomial bacteremia) is a common problem in hospitals worldwide, including Malaysia. A three-year prospective cohort study (October 2003-March 2007) of the incidences, risk factors, and patterns of the microorganisms causing bacteremia was conducted using a validated surveillance form in three intensive care units(More)
We examined the prevalence of type 2 diabetes and social deprivation in one urban district in Liverpool from October 1995 to September 1996 inclusive. This area has a stable Caucasian population of 176, 682. Lists were made of all known diabetics attending six different medical points of contact during the year, and were condensed and aggregated to(More)
AIM To determine the effects of lipid lowering by TLC on insulin sensitivity and secretory status of non-obese normoglycemic hyperlipidemic subjects. METHODS An intervention study was undertaken on 16 non-obese normoglycemic hyperlipidemic subjects. They underwent 6 months of a TLC regimen. Their insulin sensitivity and lipid status were assessed at(More)
The objective of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of the Malay version of the 18-item Audit of Diabetes Dependent Quality of Life (the Malay ADDQOL). Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who fulfilled the inclusion criteria were systematically selected. The Malay ADDQOL linguistically validated from the 18-item English version ADDQOL(More)
AIMS Previous studies have suggested that the self-reporting of smoking amongst diabetic patients is unreliable, and that objective markers such as breath carbon monoxide (CO) or urinary cotinine are needed. As these studies have been mostly in young Type 1 diabetic patients, the reliability of smoking history has been assessed in a large group of older(More)
BACKGROUND Capture-recapture (CR) methods are increasingly used to estimate the size of human populations, including those with diabetes. Few studies have examined the demographic details needed to match patients on the lists used in these techniques, or to determine the optimum number of lists. METHODS Six lists of known diabetic patients attending(More)