Akemichi Baba

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The effect of the newly synthesized compound 2-[4-[(2,5-difluorophenyl)methoxy]phenoxy]-5-ethoxyaniline (SEA0400) on the Na-Ca exchanger (NCX) was investigated and compared against that of 2-[2-[4-(4-nitrobenzyloxy)phenyl]ethyl]isothiourea (KB-R7943). In addition, the effects of SEA0400 on reperfusion injury in vitro and in vivo were examined. SEA0400 was(More)
Astrocytes, the most abundant glial cell types in the brain, provide metabolic and trophic support to neurons and modulate synaptic activity. Accordingly, impairment in these astrocyte functions can critically influence neuronal survival. Recent studies show that astrocyte apoptosis may contribute to pathogenesis of many acute and chronic neurodegenerative(More)
Astrocytes are electrically nonexcitable cells that display increases in cytosolic calcium ion (Ca²+) in response to various neurotransmitters and neuromodulators. However, the physiological role of astrocytic Ca²+ signaling remains controversial. We show here that astrocytic Ca²+ signaling ex vivo and in vivo stimulated the Na+,K+-ATPase (Na+- and(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) has been reported to decrease ischemic neuronal damage and increase IL-6 secretion in rats. However, the mechanisms underlying neuroprotection are still to be fully elucidated. The present study was designed to investigate the role played by PACAP and IL-6 in mediating neuroprotection after ischemia(More)
We examined the effect of N-(4-acetyl-1-piperazinyl)-p-fluorobenzamide monohydrate (FK960), a novel anti-dementia drug, on neurotrophic factor production in cultured rat astrocytes. FK960 (100nM) increased mRNA and protein levels of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF). FK960 did not affect mRNA levels of neurotrophic factors other than GDNF.(More)
Coadministration of atypical antipsychotics and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) enhances the release of monoamines such as dopamine (DA), norepinephrine (NE), and serotonin (5-HT) in the prefrontal cortex. To clarify the role of DA-D2/3 receptors in the combination effect, we examined the effects of coadministration of the selective DA-D2/3(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a neuropeptide with well-known cytoprotective effects. We have reported earlier that PACAP decreases mortality and the degree of tubular atrophy in a rat model of renal ischemia/reperfusion injury. Recently, we have shown that kidney cultures isolated from PACAP deficient mice show increased(More)
BACKGROUND Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is associated with sudden cardiac death resulting from torsades de pointes (TdP), which are triggered by early afterdepolarizations (EADs). The cardiac Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX) has been suggested to work as a trigger for EADs. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that inhibition of NCX with(More)
The Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX) is involved in myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injuries. We examined the effects of 2-[4-[(2,5-difluorophenyl)methoxy]phenoxy]-5-ethoxyaniline (SEA0400), a potent and selective inhibitor of NCX, on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury models. In canine cardiac sarcolemmal vesicles and rat cardiomyocytes, SEA0400 potently(More)
SEA0400 is a potent and selective Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX) inhibitor. We evaluated the inhibitory effects of SEA0400 on Na(+)(i)-dependent (45)Ca(2+) uptake and whole-cell Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchange currents in NCX-transfected fibroblasts. SEA0400 preferentially inhibited (45)Ca(2+) uptake by NCX1 compared with inhibitions by NCX2, NCX3, and NCKX2. SEA0400(More)