Akemi Wakisaka

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Spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2) is an autosomal dominant, neurodegenerative disorder that affects the cerebellum and other areas of the central nervous system. We have devised a novel strategy, the direct identification of repeat expansion and cloning technique (DIRECT), which allows selective detection of expanded CAG repeats and cloning of the genes(More)
Frequency of HLA-A, B, and C antigens was studied in 184 patients with Behçet's disease to investigate the immunogenetically determined predisposition to this disease. A statistically significant increased incidence of HLA-B5 or Bw51 was noted in the patients as compared with the normal control subjects. No significant difference was observed in the(More)
A monoclonal antibody CSLEX1 which reacts with sialosyl Lex but not with sialosyl Lea has been produced. The CSLEX1 antigen has a tissue distribution similar to that of Lex, appearing characteristically in the proximal tubules of the kidney and on granulocytes. It is tumor associated in that 14 of 34 (41%) of tumor lines tested reacted with the CSLEX1(More)
Fifty-six unrelated Japanese patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) were HLA-typed, and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis was performed after enzyme digestion with Bam HI and Taq I by using both DR and DQ probes. As previously reported, increased frequencies of Bw54, Cw1, DR4, and DRw53, which are in strong linkage(More)
The HLA-A, B, DR and MB antigens were investigated in patients suffering from Takayasu disease (Aortitis syndrome). Out of twenty-one HLA-A and B antigens tested, only HLA-Bw52 was significantly deviated (30147, PF = 63.8%, RR = 7.8) from the controls (14/76, PF = 18.4%). Since in the Japanese, HLA-Bw52 is in positive linkage disequilibria with HLA-DR2 and(More)
In the current study, we examined the effects of minocycline on the osteopenia of ovariectomized (OVX) aged rats using the marrow ablation model. This injury induces rapid bone formation followed by bone resorption in the marrow cavity. Old female rats were randomly divided into five groups: sham, OVX, OVX + minocycline (5-15 mg/day, orally), OVX + 17(More)
In an attempt to clarify the biological nature of a human endogenous retrovirus (HERV), HERV-R, which is a single-copy type of HERVs and is conserved as a full-length viral sequence, the expression of HERV-R mRNA in normal autopsied systemic organs was examined by Northern blot analysis. The expression showed different levels among individuals, with the(More)
Machado-Joseph disease (MJD) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder caused by unstable expansion of a CAG repeat in the MJD1 gene at 14q32.1. To identify elements affecting the intergenerational instability of the CAG repeat, we investigated whether the CGG/GGG polymorphism at the 3' end of the CAG repeat affects intergenerational instability(More)