Akemi Kosaka

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Mucosal surfaces, especially those of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, are sites for tolerance induction to numerous exogenous antigens (Ags), and provide a microenvironment suitable for generating tolerogenic dendritic cells (DCs) that contribute to the functional maturation of regulatory T cells. During immune homeostasis in the GI tract, innate immune(More)
The small intestine harbors a substantial number of commensal bacteria and is sporadically invaded by pathogens, but the response to these microorganisms is fundamentally different. We identified a discriminatory sensor by using Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3). Double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) of one major commensal species, lactic acid bacteria (LAB), triggered(More)
Th1 and Th2 cells obtained from OVA-specific T cell receptor transgenic mice completely eradicated the tumor mass when transferred into mice bearing A20-OVA tumor cells expressing OVA as a model tumor antigen. To elucidate the role of Tc1 or Tc2 cells during tumor eradication by Th1- or Th2-cell therapy, spleen cells obtained from mice cured of tumor by the(More)
Recombinant protein production system using transgenic rice grain offers many advantages in higher accumulation, preservation, lower production cost, ease of scale up and low risk of contamination by toxic materials. We developed a transgenic rice strain whose seeds accumulate human interleukin (IL)-10, a cytokine that suppresses inflammation-related immune(More)
Adoptive immunotherapy using antigen-specific T-helper type 1 (Th1) cells has been considered as a potential strategy for tumor immunotherapy. However, its application to tumor immunotherapy has been hampered by difficulties in expanding tumor-specific Th1 cells from tumor-bearing hosts. Here, we have developed an efficient protocol for preparing mouse(More)
Administration of NKT cell ligands, alpha-galactosylceramide (alpha-GalCer) resulted in the activation of both cytokine production and natural killing. These responses were abolished in both CD1d-deficient mice and Valpha14NKT-deficient mice. Therefore, NKT cells have been considered to be responsible cells for both cytokine production and natural killing.(More)
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) benefit health as probiotics in a strain-dependent way. In this study, we investigated the immunomodulatory effects of Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris FC (LcFC) on dendritic cells (DCs), natural killer (NK) cells and T cells. LcFC induced the production of cytokines such as IL-10, IL-12, IL-6 and TNF-α from murine bone marrow(More)
Graft versus host disease (GVHD) is a major complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, leading to signi®cant morbidity and mortality. Host-derived TNF-a play a role in the induction of allo-reactive donor T cell activation and the pathogenesis of GVHD. On the other hand, the precise role of donor-derived TNF-a in GVHD remains(More)
Graft versus host disease (GVHD) is a major complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, leading to significant morbidity and mortality. Host-derived TNF-alpha play a role in the induction of allo-reactive donor T cell activation and the pathogenesis of GVHD. On the other hand, the precise role of donor-derived TNF-alpha in GVHD(More)
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are known to have effects on immune function. From 203 strains of LAB isolated from fermented foods, we selected a beneficial strain, Lactobacillus plantarum strain YU (LpYU), which has high interleukin (IL)-12-inducing activity in mouse peritoneal macrophages. This activity of LpYU was partially mediated by Toll-like receptor(More)