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The combination effect of docetaxel and capecitabine on tumour response rate and survival was demonstrated recently in metastatic breast cancer patients. This combination was based on an experimental hypothesis that taxane can increase tumour sensitivity to the effect of capecitabine through the upregulation of thymidine phosphorylase (TP), which is(More)
PURPOSE AND EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We previously reported that an increased expression of cystatin-like metastasis-associated protein (CMAP) mRNA is involved in liver-specific metastasis in a mouse model. We also identified its human homologue and showed that the expression of CMAP in various human cancer cell lines correlated with the description of(More)
Author manuscripts have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication but have not yet been edited. Author manuscripts have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication but have not yet been edited. Author manuscripts have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication but have not yet been edited. Statement of Translational Relevance: The association(More)
BACKGROUND Young breast cancer survivors have specific needs related to age. Clarifying the relationships between unmet information needs and quality of life (QOL) in young breast cancer survivors can contribute to constructing a support system to enhance QOL in patients. OBJECTIVE This study aimed to identify the unmet information needs and examine the(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to investigate whether young age at onset of breast cancer is an independent prognostic factor in patients from the Japanese Breast Cancer Registry, after adjustment of known clinicopathological prognostic factors. METHODS Of the 53,670 patients registered between 2004 and 2006 and surveyed after a 5-year follow-up(More)
Identification of useful markers associated with poor prognosis in breast cancer patients is critically needed. We previously showed that expression of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1 mRNA in peripheral blood may be useful to predict distant metastasis in gastric cancer patients. However, expression of vascular endothelial growth factor(More)
OBJECTIVE Research on the impact of breast cancer on Asian women's sexual lives is extremely scarce. This study investigated the sexual changes experienced by breast cancer patients in Japan following surgery, and their sexuality-related information needs. METHODS An anonymous, cross-sectional survey of breast cancer out-patients was conducted in 2005.(More)
Purpose: CD47 plays a variety of roles in intercellular signaling. Herein, we focused on the clinico-pathologic significance of CD47 expression in human breast cancer. Our data suggest that the correlation between CD47 and signal regulatory protein α (SIRPA) expression may play a key role in the progression of breast cancer. Experimental Design:(More)
PURPOSE There is a significant difference in the mean tumor size between very young breast cancer patients and their elder counterparts. A simple comparison may show obvious prognostic differences. We investigated the prognostic impact of age by reducing the influence of the tumor size, which is thought to be a confounding factor. PATIENTS AND METHODS We(More)
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