Akeel A. Mahdi

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The ruvA, ruvB, and ruvC genes of Escherichia coli provide activities that catalyze branch migration and resolution of Holliday junction intermediates in recombination. Mutation of any one of these genes interferes with recombination and reduces the ability of the cell to repair damage to DNA. A suppressor of ruv mutations was identified on the basis of its(More)
The RecG protein of Escherichia coli is a structure-specific DNA helicase that targets strand exchange intermediates in genetic recombination and drives their branch migration along the DNA. Strains carrying null mutations in recG show reduced recombination and DNA repair. Suppressors of this phenotype, called srgA, were located close to metB and shown to(More)
The Escherichia coli DNA binding protein RuvA acts in concert with the helicase RuvB to drive branch migration of Holliday intermediates during recombination and DNA repair. The atomic structure of RuvA was determined at a resolution of 1.9 angstroms. Four monomers of RuvA are related by fourfold symmetry in a manner reminiscent of a four-petaled flower.(More)
The RuvAB and RecG proteins of Escherichia coli promote branch migration of Holliday junction intermediates in genetic recombination. Both are structure-specific helicases that unwind and rewind DNA at the junction point. The helicase activities of these proteins were investigated using RNA:DNA hybrid molecules. RuvAB catalyses the unwinding of RNA:DNA(More)
The rescue of replication forks stalled on the template DNA was investigated using an assay for synthetic lethality that provides a visual readout of cell viability and permits investigation of why certain mutations are lethal when combined. The results presented show that RecA and other recombination proteins are often engaged during replication because(More)
A new recombination gene called recR has been identified and located near dnaZ at minute 11 on the current linkage map of Escherichia coli. The gene was detected after transposon mutagenesis of a recB sbcB sbcC strain and screening for insertion mutants that had a reduced efficiency of recombination in Hfr crosses. The recR insertions obtained conferred a(More)
The RusA protein of Escherichia coli is an endonuclease that can resolve Holliday intermediates and correct the defects in genetic recombination and DNA repair associated with inactivation of RuvAB or RuvC. The structure of the rusA gene, its organisation in the genome, and its interaction with the Ruv and RecG proteins have been investigated. Recombinant(More)
Recent studies in Escherichia coli indicate that the interconversion of DNA replication fork and Holliday junction structures underpins chromosome duplication and helps secure faithful transmission of the genome from one generation to the next. It facilitates interplay between DNA replication, recombination and repair, and provides means to rescue(More)
RecG protein differs from other helicases analysed to atomic resolution in that it mediates strand separation via translocation on double-stranded (ds) rather than single-stranded (ss) DNA. We describe a highly conserved helical hairpin motif in RecG and show it to be important for helicase activity. It places two arginines (R609 and R630) in opposing(More)
Nucleoprotein complexes present challenges to genome stability by acting as potent blocks to replication. One attractive model of how such conflicts are resolved is direct targeting of blocked forks by helicases with the ability to displace the blocking protein-DNA complex. We show that Rep and UvrD each promote movement of E. coli replisomes blocked by(More)