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CONCLUSION Taurocholate-induced acute pancreatitis (AP) in the rat mimics early necrotizing human pancreatitis. Protease activation and protease inhibitor consumption occur consistent with a two-stage development, and contact-phase activation is a possible primary event in this model. BACKGROUND Proteases and protease inhibitors have been indicated to(More)
Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome is a dominant cause of mortality in the intensive care unit. Experimentally, a condition similar to the multiple organ dysfunction syndrome can be induced by the intraperitoneal injection of sterile zymosan. In the present study we investigate potential alterations in multiple organ functions, endothelial permeability,(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate alterations in the function of the reticuloendothelial system (RES) and potential protective effects of pretreatment with the antioxidants: N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) or dimethyl sulphoxide (DMSO), after intraperitoneal injection of zymosan (0.50 mg/g body weight) in rats. DESIGN Experimental study. SETTING University hospital,(More)
Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) is mediated by complex mechanisms in which interactions between activated leukocytes and endothelial cells play a central role. ICAM-1 (intercellular adhesion molecule-1) mediates firm adhesion and transendothelial migration of activated leukocytes from postcapillary venules into the tissue. The present study(More)
BACKGROUND Platelet-activating factor (PAF), cytokines, proteases, and other factors are probably involved in the development of gut barrier dysfunction following intestinal ischemia and reperfusion (I/R), although the act underlying pathophysiological mechanisms has not yet been fully clarified. The aim of the present study was to clarify the relationship(More)
Pre-operative levels of the acute phase protein C-reactive protein (CRP), albumin (assessing nutritional status), the tumour marker CEA and three plasma protease inhibitors, i.e. C1-esterase inhibitor, alpha-2-macroglobulin and antithrombin III, were prospectively studied in 183 patients with various solid cancers. First, the predictive value of abnormal(More)
Intestinal ischemia and reperfusion injury (I/R) is probably involved in the pathogenesis of intestinal barrier dysfunction, associated with the concomitant translocation of enteric bacteria and toxins and the potential development of multiple organ failure. The intestinal endothelial and epithelial layers play a major role preventing the entry of toxic(More)
OBJECTIVE The appearance and evolution of gallstone ileus as seen by CT are reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS CT examination was performed on three patients with unspecific abdominal pain. In one patient sequential investigations were performed over 7 months. RESULTS In all cases the gallbladder was greatly distorted, contained air, and was in direct(More)
A clinical and biochemical analysis of 27 attacks of acute pancreatitis was made throughout the course of the disease. In severe attacks alpha 2-macroglobulin (alpha 2-M) decreased during the first days, reaching values in blood below 40% of the normal value. In addition, this remaining alpha 2-M had a decreased trypsin-binding capacity, indicating(More)
The effect of gabexate mesilate (FOY) was studied in vitro in human and canine serum upon the addition of trypsin, and in vivo in dogs during intravenous trypsin infusion. The effect of FOY was compared with the effect of aprotinin. FOY did not show any protection against trypsin-induced activation of the complement and kinin systems in vitro or in vivo,(More)