Akaysha C. Tang

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Second-order blind identification (SOBI) is a blind source separation (BSS) algorithm that can be used to decompose mixtures of signals into a set of components or putative recovered sources. Previously, SOBI, as well as other BSS algorithms, has been applied to magnetoencephalography (MEG) and electroencephalography (EEG) data. These BSS algorithms have(More)
We applied second-order blind identification (SOBI), an independent component analysis method, to MEG data collected during cognitive tasks. We explored SOBI's ability to help isolate underlying neuronal sources with relatively poor signal-to-noise ratios, allowing their identification and localization. We compare localization of the SOBI-separated(More)
Early life experience affects behavior and brain mechanisms. Handling rats during the first three weeks in life can slow age-related cognitive decline (as measured by a hippocampal-dependent spatial learning task) and reduce age-related hippocampal neuron loss. It is not clear, however, whether this early environmental influence on learning is selective for(More)
Werecently demonstrated that second-order blind identification (SOBI), an independent component analysis (ICA) method, can separate the mixture of neuronal and noise signals in magnetoencephalographic (MEG) data into neuroanatomically and neurophysiologically meaningful components. When the neuronal signals had relatively higher trial-to-trial variability,(More)
Mildly stressful early life experiences can potentially impact a broad range of social, cognitive, and physiological functions in humans, nonhuman primates, and rodents. Recent rodent studies favor a maternal-mediation hypothesis that considers maternal-care differences induced by neonatal stimulation as the cause of individual differences in offspring(More)
Magnetoencephalography (MEG) is a functional brain imaging technique with millisecond temporal resolution and millimeter spatial sensitivity. The high temporal resolution of MEG compared to fMRI and PET (milliseconds vs. seconds and tens of seconds) makes it ideal for measuring the precise time of neuronal responses, thereby o!ering a powerful tool for(More)
Electrophysiological studies have shown that activation of glucocorticoids receptors (GRs) influences neuronal excitability and activity dependent synaptic plasticity. In developmental studies, early life stimulation such as neonatal handling results in an up-regulation of glucocorticoid-receptor (GR) binding in the hippocampus that persists into adulthood.(More)
Conventional analysis of electroencephalography (EEG) and magnetoencephalography (MEG) often relies on averaging over multiple trials to extract statistically relevant differences between two or more experimental conditions. In this article we demonstrate single-trial detection by linearly integrating information over multiple spatially distributed sensors(More)
Second-order blind identification (SOBI) is a blind source separation (BSS) algorithm that has been applied to MEG and EEG data collected during a range of sensory, motor, and cognitive tasks. SOBI can decompose mixtures of electric or magnetic signals by utilizing detailed temporal structures present in the continuously recorded signals. Successful(More)
The GABAB agonist baclofen has been shown to suppress synaptic transmission in subregions of the hippocampus and in the piriform (olfactory) cortex. Here we report a laminar selectivity of suppression of synaptic potentials in the olfactory cortex. In brain slice preparations, baclofen suppresses extracellularly recorded field potentials at the intrinsic(More)