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l-Glutamate is a major excitatory neurotransmitter that binds ionotropic and metabotropic glutamate receptors. Cerebral endothelial cells from many species have been shown to express several forms of glutamate receptors; however, human cerebral endothelial cells have not been shown to express either the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor message or(More)
We recently identified genes encoding tumor endothelial markers (TEMs) that displayed elevated expression during tumor angiogenesis. From both biological and clinical points of view, TEMs associated with the cell surface membrane are of particular interest. Accordingly, we have further characterized four such genes, TEM1, TEM5, TEM7, and TEM8, all of which(More)
H+ conductive pathways have been detected in the plasma membranes of a variety of cell types. The large exquisitely H(+)-selective permeability of the conductive pathway can support sizable net H+ fluxes. Although subtle differences exist among tissues and species, certain common features suggest that related transport systems are involved in all cases. The(More)
Cerebral endothelial cells in the rat, pig, and, most recently, human have been shown to express several types of receptors specific for glutamate. High levels of glutamate disrupt the cerebral endothelial barrier via activation of N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors. We have previously suggested that this glutamate-induced barrier dysfunction was oxidant(More)
Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) is an abundant chromatin associated protein important in DNA repair, maintenance of chromosomal stability and programmed cell death. Here we report that an increase in caspase 3-activity and cleavage of PARP serves as an early execution phase signal in human neuroblastoma. Human neuroblastoma SK-N-SH cells were exposed to(More)
We recently identified genes encoding tumor endothelial markers (TEMs) that displayed elevated expression during tumor angiogenesis. From both biological and clinical points of view, TEMs associated with the cell surface membrane are of particular interest. Accordingly, we have further characterized four such genes, TEM1, TEM5, TEM7, and TEM8, all of which(More)
Staurosporine, a protein kinase and etoposide, a topoisomerase II inhibitor, are known to enhance apoptosis. The differential effects of these agents on T98G glioblastoma and SK-N-SH neuroblastoma, cell lines both derived from human tumors, have not been determined. We assessed cellular viability, DNA fragmentation and laddering, chromatin condensation, and(More)
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