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Neurosurgeons have a long history of treating cerebrovascular disease. Understanding the vascular anatomy and physiology of the nervous system and management of patients with abnormalities of theses vascular structures are vitally important aspects of neurosurgery resident training. Over the past decade, the treatment of cerebrovascular disease has been(More)
INTRODUCTION Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) ranks 12th most common cancer in the world. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the OSCC. METHODS A retrospective study of 611 OSCC patients from January 2010 to December 2013 was carried out in Department of Surgical Oncology, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, India.(More)
BACKGROUND Inguinal lymph node involvement is an important prognostic factor in penile cancer. Inguinal lymph node dissection allows staging and treatment of inguinal nodal disease. However, it causes morbidity and is associated with complications, such as lymphocele, skin loss and infection. Video Endoscopic Inguinal Lymphadenectomy (VEIL) is an endoscopic(More)
Gallbladder carcinoma is a highly aggressive cancer with female predominance. Interindividual differences in the effectiveness of the activation/detoxification of environmental carcinogens and endogenous estrogens may play a crucial role in cancer susceptibility. The present study included 410 patients with carcinoma of the gallbladder (GBC) and 230 healthy(More)
Gall bladder Carcinoma (GBC) is the fifth most common cancer of the digestive tract and frequently diagnosed in late stage of disease. Estimation of circulating free DNA (cfDNA) in serum has been applied as a “liquid biopsy” in several deep seated malignancies. Its value in diagnosis of gall bladder carcinoma has not been studied. The present study was(More)
Incidentally discovered gallbladder cancer (IGBC) is defined as the gallbladder cancer (GBC) diagnosed during or after the cholecystectomy done for unsuspected benign gallbladder disease. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is the most common procedure performed for benign gallbladder disease worldwide. Majority of GBC patients have associated gallstones.(More)
INTRODUCTION Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a heterogenous disease which develops from benign intraepithelial lesions known as adenomas to malignant carcinomas. Acquired alterations in Wnt signaling, TGFβ, MAPK pathway genes and clonal propagation of altered cells are responsible for this transformation. Detection of adenomas or early stage cancer in(More)
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