Learn More
The first chordates appear in the fossil record at the time of the Cambrian explosion, nearly 550 million years ago. The modern ascidian tadpole represents a plausible approximation to these ancestral chordates. To illuminate the origins of chordate and vertebrates, we generated a draft of the protein-coding portion of the genome of the most studied(More)
The genome of the basal choradate Ciona intestinalis contains a basic set of genes with less redundancy compared to the vertebrate genome. Extensive EST analyses, cDNA sequencing, and clustering yielded "Ciona intestinalis Gene Collection Release 1," which contains cDNA clones for 13,464 genes, covering nearly 85% of the Ciona mRNA species. This release is(More)
Following the reading of its draft genome sequence and the collection of a large quantity of cDNA information, Ciona intestinalis is now becoming a model organism for whole-genome analyses of the expression and function of developmentally relevant genes. Although most studies have focused on larval structures, the development of the adult form is also very(More)
Comparison of 12,230 expressed sequence tags (ESTs) of 3' ends of cDNA clones derived from young adults of Ciona intestinalis allowed us to categorize them into 976 independent clusters. When the 5'-end sequences of 10,400 ESTs of the 976 clusters were compared with the sequences in databases, 406 of the clusters showed significant matches ( P < E-15) with(More)
Recent investigations into the evolution of deuterostomes and the origin of chordates have paid considerable attention to hemichordates (acorn worms), as hemichordates and echinoderms are the closest chordate relatives. The present study prepared cDNA libraries from Ptychodera flava, to study expression and function of genes involved in development of the(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The calcium channel voltage-dependent alpha2delta subunit consists of 4 genes, CACNA2D1 to CACNA2D4, of which CACNA2D2 and CACNA2D3 are located on 3p21.3 and 3p21.1, respectively. Here, we examined the relation between alpha2delta subunit gene alterations and gastric carcinogenesis. METHODS The expression and methylation status of the(More)
When the body of P. flava is severed, the animal has the ability to regenerate its missing anterior or posterior as appropriate. We have focused on anterior regeneration when the head and branchial regions are severed from the body of the worm. After transection, the body wall contracts and heals closed in 2 to 3 days. By the third day a small blastema is(More)
The enhancer trap technique, established in Drosophila melanogaster, is a very sophisticated tool. Despite its usefulness, however, there have been very few reports on enhancer traps in other animals. The ascidian Ciona intestinalis, a splendid experimental system for developmental biology, provides good material for developmental genetics. Recently,(More)
The endostyle is a pharyngeal organ of Urochordata, Cephalochordata and larval Cyclostomata. This organ secretes mucus-proteins for internal filter feeding, a feeding system that must have developed in the common ancestor of these subphyla. Therefore, the endostyle is a key structure to understanding the origin and evolution of chordates. A previous study(More)
Four pseudo-symmetrical tamoxifen derivatives, RID-B (13), RID-C (14), RID-D (15), and bis(dimethylaminophenetole) (16), were synthesized via the novel three-component coupling reaction, and the structure-activity relationships of these pseudo-symmetrical tamoxifen derivatives were examined. It was discovered that 13 and 16 strongly inhibit the viability of(More)