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Small GTPase Rab is a large family of putative membrane trafficking proteins, and each member is thought to regulate a specific type(s) of membrane trafficking. However, little is known about the involvement of Rab protein(s) in secretory granule exocytosis in exocrine cells or the molecular mechanism underlying this process. We show that Rab27B, a closely(More)
We investigated the expression of the genes encoding Rab proteins, low molecular weight GTP-binding proteins, in the rat parotid gland by the use of reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, and detected cDNAs of Rab3D, Rab4, and Rab26. We further examined the characteristics and localization of Rab26 by western blotting and light and electron(More)
Vesicular transmitter release from astrocytes influences neuronal development, function and plasticity. However, secretory pathways and the involved molecular mechanisms in astroglial cells are poorly known. In this study, we show that a variety of SNARE and Munc18 isoforms are expressed by cultured astrocytes, with syntaxin-4, Munc18c, SNAP-23 and VAMP-3(More)
Amylase secretion from rat parotid acinar cells is induced by the accumulation of cAMP in response to beta-adrenergic agonists as well as by the elevation of intracellular Ca2+ in response to muscarinic cholinergic stimulation. Several proteins including the low molecular weight GTP-binding protein Rab may participate in these exocytic processes. In the(More)
Several "soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive fusion protein attachment protein receptor" (SNARE) proteins have been identified in rat parotid acinar cells, including VAMP-2, syntaxin 4, and SNAP-23. Furthermore, an association between Munc18c (Munc18-3) and syntaxin 4 has been reported. However, the role of Munc18-3 in secretory granule exocytosis on parotid(More)
Intracellular localisation of soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive fusion protein (NSF) attachment protein receptors (SNAREs) is an important factor in clarifying whether SNAREs regulate exocytosis in salivary glands. We investigated intracellular localisation of syntaxins 2, 3 and 4 and SNAP-23, which are thought to be target membrane (t)-SNAREs, in rat(More)
Small GTP-binding protein, Rab27, has been implicated in the regulation of different types of membrane trafficking, including melanosome transport in melanocytes and regulated secretion events in a wide variety of secretory cells. We have previously shown that Rab27 is involved in the control of isoproterenol (IPR)-induced amylase release from rat parotid(More)
Cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5) plays no apparent role in cell cycle regulation, and Cdk5 is not activated by cyclins but only p35 or p39. Although the enzymatic activity of Cdk5 is highest in the central nervous system, recent reports indicate that it also has important functions in non-neuronal cells. In the present study, we investigated whether Cdk5(More)
Stimulated inositolphospholipid turnover has been proposed to be initiated and sustained by hydrolysis of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate [PtdIns(4,5)P2], which may be replenished by an enhanced flux of phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns) to PtdIns 4-phosphate (PtdIns4P) to PtdIns(4,5)P2. To determine whether there is continued hydrolysis and resynthesis of(More)