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Phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns), the most abundant phosphoinositide, is the precursor of phosphatidylinositol 4-monophosphate which is converted to phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate, the lipid hydrolysed as an early step in signal transduction by many stimuli. It is generally thought that a single enzyme in the endoplasmic reticulum, PtdIns synthase(More)
Small GTP-binding protein, Rab27, has been implicated in the regulation of different types of membrane trafficking, including melanosome transport in melanocytes and regulated secretion events in a wide variety of secretory cells. We have previously shown that Rab27 is involved in the control of isoproterenol (IPR)-induced amylase release from rat parotid(More)
Small GTPase Rab is a large family of putative membrane trafficking proteins, and each member is thought to regulate a specific type(s) of membrane trafficking. However, little is known about the involvement of Rab protein(s) in secretory granule exocytosis in exocrine cells or the molecular mechanism underlying this process. We show that Rab27B, a closely(More)
Vesicular transmitter release from astrocytes influences neuronal development, function and plasticity. However, secretory pathways and the involved molecular mechanisms in astroglial cells are poorly known. In this study, we show that a variety of SNARE and Munc18 isoforms are expressed by cultured astrocytes, with syntaxin-4, Munc18c, SNAP-23 and VAMP-3(More)
Several "soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive fusion protein attachment protein receptor" (SNARE) proteins have been identified in rat parotid acinar cells, including VAMP-2, syntaxin 4, and SNAP-23. Furthermore, an association between Munc18c (Munc18-3) and syntaxin 4 has been reported. However, the role of Munc18-3 in secretory granule exocytosis on parotid(More)
Intracellular localisation of soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive fusion protein (NSF) attachment protein receptors (SNAREs) is an important factor in clarifying whether SNAREs regulate exocytosis in salivary glands. We investigated intracellular localisation of syntaxins 2, 3 and 4 and SNAP-23, which are thought to be target membrane (t)-SNAREs, in rat(More)
We investigated phosphodiesterase (PDE) isozymes, which hydrolyze cAMP, in rodent parotid glands (mouse, hamster and guinea pig) in order to clarify the effects of cGMP and Ca/calmodulin on the regulation of cellular cAMP and compared them with those of the rat. More than 80% of the activities were in the supernatant fractions except for the hamster. The(More)
Slp4-a/granuphilin-a was originally described as a protein specifically associated with insulin-containing granules in pancreatic beta-cells, but it was subsequently found to be present on amylase-containing granules in parotid acinar cells. Although Slp4-a has been suggested to control insulin secretion through interaction with syntaxin-1a and/or Munc18-1,(More)
Slc:ddY mice that received a single intraperitoneal injection of 200 mg/kg streptozotocin (STZ) were examined for persistency of diabetes (changes of indigenous bacterial floras, and bacterial translocation. Significant diabetes (increase in plasma glucose and decrease in insulin) was recognized 2 weeks after the injection, and persisted for 12 weeks. The(More)
The mechanism of signal transduction used by a large number of extracellular regulatory molecules involves hydrolysis and resynthesis of phosphoinositides. We recently demonstrated that during stimulation by thyrotropin-releasing hormone of rat pituitary (GH3) cells phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns) resynthesis occurs within the plasma membrane as well as the(More)