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Phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns), the most abundant phosphoinositide, is the precursor of phosphatidylinositol 4-monophosphate which is converted to phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate, the lipid hydrolysed as an early step in signal transduction by many stimuli. It is generally thought that a single enzyme in the endoplasmic reticulum, PtdIns synthase(More)
Small GTPase Rab is a large family of putative membrane trafficking proteins, and each member is thought to regulate a specific type(s) of membrane trafficking. However, little is known about the involvement of Rab protein(s) in secretory granule exocytosis in exocrine cells or the molecular mechanism underlying this process. We show that Rab27B, a closely(More)
Vesicular transmitter release from astrocytes influences neuronal development, function and plasticity. However, secretory pathways and the involved molecular mechanisms in astroglial cells are poorly known. In this study, we show that a variety of SNARE and Munc18 isoforms are expressed by cultured astrocytes, with syntaxin-4, Munc18c, SNAP-23 and VAMP-3(More)
Small GTP-binding protein, Rab27, has been implicated in the regulation of different types of membrane trafficking, including melanosome transport in melanocytes and regulated secretion events in a wide variety of secretory cells. We have previously shown that Rab27 is involved in the control of isoproterenol (IPR)-induced amylase release from rat parotid(More)
Stimulated inositolphospholipid turnover has been proposed to be initiated and sustained by hydrolysis of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate [PtdIns(4,5)P2], which may be replenished by an enhanced flux of phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns) to PtdIns 4-phosphate (PtdIns4P) to PtdIns(4,5)P2. To determine whether there is continued hydrolysis and resynthesis of(More)
The effect of decreasing the concentration of receptors for thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) on the surface of cloned rat pituitary (GH3) cells on TRH-stimulated inositol trisphosphate (Ins-P3) formation was investigated. Incubation of cells with dibutyryl cAMP (Bt2cAMP) for 16 h caused a decrease in [3H] TRH binding to intact cells to a minimum level 37(More)
TRH stimulation of rat pituitary (GH3) cells causes biphasic changes in cytoplasmic free Ca2+ concentration [( Ca2+]i) and PRL secretion. It has been proposed, based primarily on indirect evidence, that the first phase effects are mediated by inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate, which releases Ca2+ from cellular stores, and the sustained effects are mediated by(More)
The mechanism of signal transduction used by a large number of extracellular regulatory molecules involves hydrolysis and resynthesis of phosphoinositides. We recently demonstrated that during stimulation by thyrotropin-releasing hormone of rat pituitary (GH3) cells phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns) resynthesis occurs within the plasma membrane as well as the(More)
Several "soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive fusion protein attachment protein receptor" (SNARE) proteins have been identified in rat parotid acinar cells, including VAMP-2, syntaxin 4, and SNAP-23. Furthermore, an association between Munc18c (Munc18-3) and syntaxin 4 has been reported. However, the role of Munc18-3 in secretory granule exocytosis on parotid(More)