Akahito Sako

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Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is an established independent risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). T2DM is associated with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), which is a major cause of non-HBV and non-HCV-related HCC; nevertheless, it has been difficult to identify those patients with T2DM who have a high risk of developing HCC. The aim of this(More)
High-density lipoprotein (HDL) is a lipoprotein which has anti-atherogenic property by reversing cholesterol transport from the peripheral tissues to liver. Low HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) as well as high low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) is associated with the development of coronary heart diseases (CHD). Various epidemiological studies have(More)
AIM   The epidemiology of acute hepatitis B is unknown in many countries, and the clinical features of this disease remain unclear. In this study, we used the Diagnosis Procedure Combination (DPC) database to estimate the incidence of acute hepatitis B and investigate the clinical practices for acute hepatitis B in Japan. METHODS   The DPC database is a(More)
We measured plasma concentration of endothelin-1 in three children with Byler's disease, five with biliary atresia after portoenterostomy, and nine controls. No patients had ascites or hepatorenal syndrome. Plasma endothelin-1 levels were significantly higher in patients with Byler's disease than in the controls (5.19 +/- 0.90 versus 1.81 +/- 0.19 pg/ml,(More)
To determine the relationship between low magnesium status and lipids, we divided 27 patients with microscopic hematuria and normal renal function into two groups according to magnesium retention, as measured by a magnesium-loading test, and compared their serum lipid and apolipoproteins. Patients with low magnesium status (n = 7) had significantly lower(More)
We determined the effects of cyclosporine on calcium, magnesium, and potassium metabolism in rats. Thirty Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into three groups of ten animals each--control rats given olive oil, rats given cyclosporine at a dosage of 5 mg/kg daily, and rats given 15 mg/kg daily for four weeks. Urinary excretion of calcium, magnesium, and(More)
Background. Age-related loss of muscle mass (sarcopenia) increases the incidence of obesity in the elderly by reducing physical activity. This sarcopenic obesity may become self-perpetuating, increasing the risks for metabolic syndrome, disability, and mortality. We investigated the associations of two sarcopenic indices, the ratio of lower extremity muscle(More)
Recent clinical trials indicated that the intensive glycemic control do not reduce cardiovascular disease mortality among diabetic patients, challenging a significance of the strict glycemic control in diabetes management. Furthermore, retrospective analysis of the Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes study demonstrated a significant(More)
The new drug for type 2 diabetes, the sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT-2) inhibitor, is reversible inhibitor of SGLT-2, leading to reduction of renal glucose reabsorption and decrease of plasma glucose, in an insulin-independent manner. In addition to glucose control, the management of coronary risk factors is very important for patients with diabetes.(More)
The association between fish and fish oils intake and diabetes remains largely unknown. Here we systematically reviewed published articles (clinical trials, prospective cohort studies, systematic reviews and meta-analyses) about the effects of intake of fish or fish oils on the development of diabetes. An intake of fish oils seems not to affect insulin(More)