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Glutamate mediated intracellular calcium accumulation and free radical generation are thought to be major mechanisms that contribute to cell death in hypoxic-ischemic brain injury. For this reason, various glutamate receptor antagonists and antioxidants have been investigated for their therapeutic potential. To assess whether L-carnitine, a possible(More)
Our aim was to determine the effects of vitamin E and L-carnitine supplementation, individually or in combination, on radiation-induced brain and retinal damages in a rat model. Group 1 received no treatment (control arm). Group 2 received a total dose of 15 Gy external radiotherapy (RT) to whole brain by Cobalt-60 teletherapy machine. Groups 3, 4, and 5(More)
In the present study, we used the L-type calcium channel blocker nimodipine, the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) calcium release blocker dantrolene and the calcium transport blocker in mitochondria ruthenium red (RuR), in NMDA induced neurotoxicity, to observe the most suitable combination for neuroprotection in cerebellar granular cell culture of rat pups. In(More)
The neuroprotective role of nimodipine was tested in kainic acid (50 and 100 microM) induced neurotoxicity in cerebellar granular cell cultures of 4 to 7 day-old rat pups. Nimodipine was applied in 50, 100 and 200 microM concentrations. Kainate, in either dose, induced cerebellar granular cell death in respect to controls and the results were statistically(More)
In the present study we investigated the effects of mixed imidazoline-1 and alpha(2)-adrenoceptor agonist, moxonidine, in glutamate-induced neurotoxicity in frontal cortical cell cultures of rat pups by dye exclusion test. Also, phosphorylated p38 mitogen activated protein kinases (p-p38 MAPK) levels were determined from rat frontal cortical tissue(More)
Human apolipoprotein E (apo E) alleles are polymorphic with significantly different frequencies among different ethnic groups and have been associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease, and postulated as a major genetic susceptibility locus for Alzheimer's disease. Studies undertaken in different populations have shown different association(More)
In the present study, melatonin was tested in subsequent doses in glutamate induced neurotoxicity in cerebellar granular cell culture of rat pups. Glutamate at 10(-7) M was found to induce neuronal cell death. The dead cell score was 2.75+/-0.7 in the control, while it was found to be 35.12+/-1.8 in the glutamate-administered group (P<0.0001). Melatonin(More)
Metformin is a guanidine derivative found in Galega officinalis that is commonly used to treat diabetes mellitus. The mechanism of action of metformin involves regulation of the adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase/mammalian target of rapamycin signaling pathway, which is implicated in the control of protein synthesis and cell proliferation.(More)
Glutamate excitotoxicity has been postulated to underlie the neuronal death that occurs after ischemia. The most sensitive tissues to ischemic injury are hippocampus and cerebellum, whereas cerebrum is more resistant. We studied the glutamate-induced ultrastructural alterations in rat parietal and cerebellar neurons comparatively. We observed that glutamate(More)
In this study, we examined the effect of nimesulide and ranitidine on the indomethacin- and ibuprofen-induced ulcer. In addition, we investigated whether there was a direct chemical interaction of nimesulide and ranitidine with indomethacin, and also whether nimesulide and ranitidine neutralized the gastric acid in vitro. Our studies showed that nimesulide(More)