Ajub Darji

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Infection of a murine-spleen dendritic cell line by Listeria monocytogenes was found to induce cell death through apoptosis. To characterize the bacterial product(s) involved in induction of apoptosis, dendritic cells were infected with the L. monocytogenes EGD strain and several isogenic mutants deficient in the production of individual listerial virulence(More)
The efficacious delivery of eukaryotic expression plasmids to inductive cells of the immune system constitutes a key prerequisite for the generation of effective DNA vaccines. Here, we have explored the use of bacteria as vehicles to orally deliver expression plasmids. Attenuated Salmonella typhimurium aroA harbouring eukaryotic expression plasmids that(More)
Listeria monocytogenes causes rhombencephalitis in humans and animals and also affects the fetus in utero, causing disseminated sepsis. In both instances, the infection occurs by the crossing of endothelial cells lining a physiological barrier, the blood-brain barrier or the transplacental barrier. In this study, the ability of L. monocytogenes wild-type(More)
We have exploited the pore forming activity of listeriolysin, the hemolysin of Listeria monocytogenes, to activate CD8+ T cells with soluble proteins in vivo and in vitro. Immunization with soluble, hemolytically active listeriolysin induces both cytotoxic CD8+ T cells and CD4+ T cells, and the CD8+ T cells can be propagated with soluble listeriolysin in(More)
Listeriolysin O (LLO) binds to cholesterol-containing membranes in which it oligomerizes to form pores. Preincubation of the toxin with cholesterol is known to inhibit haemolysis, whereas the oxidized form of cholesterol has no inhibitory effect. Using immunoblot analyses and flow cytometry we demonstrate that preincubation with cholesterol does not(More)
The expression of all virulence factors in Listeria monocytogenes characterized to date is controlled by the virulence regulator protein, PrfA. To identify further PrfA-regulated proteins, we examined supernatants of L. monocytogenes EGD harboring additional copies of the PrfA regulator for the presence of novel proteins. This led to the identification and(More)
Listeriolysin, the hemolysin of the pathogenic species Listeria monocytogenes, was expressed in the non-pathogenic species Listeria innocua. Coexpression of the positive regulatory factor prfA in the plasmid vector in conjunction with the structural gene hly increased the expression over 500-fold. Purification from supernatant fluids was achieved by two(More)
Thiol-activated cytolysins share a conserved hydrophobic, Trp-rich undecapeptide that is suggested to be involved in membrane binding and intercalation. The neutralizing monoclonal antibody PLY-5 recognizes all members of this toxin family and peptide mapping assigned its epitope to the undecapeptide motif. This antibody inhibited binding of the toxins to(More)
Immunization of mice with mixtures of listeriolysin, a pore-forming hemolysin secreted by the pathogenic bacterium Listeria monocytogenes, together with soluble ovalbumin, nucleoprotein of influenza virus, or beta-galactosidase of Escherichia coli, resulted in strong cytotoxic CD8 T cell responses to each of the respective passenger proteins in vivo. Also,(More)
The impact of Listeria monocytogenes listeriolysin O (LLO) secretion on phosphoinositide metabolism and mediator (platelet-activating factor and prostaglandin I2) generation was investigated in human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Wild-type L. monocytogenes, purified LLO, and an L. innocua strain engineered to secrete LLO all elicited a strong response,(More)