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In the recent past, we have observed a possible role of 10398A and 16189C mtDNA and PGC1α p.Thr394Thr (rs2970847) and p.Gly482Ser (rs8192673) variant genotypes providing susceptibility/protection against type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in two North Indian population groups. These initial observations encouraged us to look at the candidate genes in(More)
Nineteen insertion/deletion and restriction site polymorphisms on autosomal and mitochondrial genomes and mitochondrial DNA hypervariable segment 1 sequences were used to study genetic diversities and affinities among four endogamous groups of Punjab, India. High values of heterozygosity were noted in all four groups, both in the autosomal and mitochondrial(More)
AIMS Inflammatory markers play an important role in the development of diseases related to metabolic syndrome, such as type 2 diabetes (T2D) and coronary artery disease (CAD). The present study evaluates the association of -2518A>G polymorphism in the monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) gene with T2D and CAD. RESULTS The frequency of the G allele(More)
In Type 2 Diabetes (T2D), adiponectin (AdipoQ) and sulphonylurea receptor genes (ABCC8) are important targets for candidate gene association studies. The single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in these genes have been associated with features of the metabolic syndrome across various populations. The present case-control study undertaken in the population of(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a major microvascular complication that develops in nearly 20-30% of patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and is currently the leading cause of end stage renal disease (ESRD). Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), a potent chemokine secreted by adipocytes, has been implicated as a causal factor in the progression(More)
Geographic and ethnic differences impart an immense influence on the genetic susceptibility to Type 2 diabetes (T2D) and diabetic nephropathy (DN). Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-β1), a ubiquitously expressed pro-fibrotic cytokine plays a pivotal role in mediating the hypertrophic and fibrotic manifestations of DN. The present study is aimed to study(More)
AIMS The present study aims to examine the association of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) g.-308 G > A and adiponectin (ADIPOQ) g. + 45 T > G gene polymorphisms in type 2 diabetes (T2D) and its microvascular complications diabetic retinopathy (DR) and diabetic nephropathy (DN). MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 672 individuals were analysed from the(More)
The present study assessed the applicability of Alu insertion elements and Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) in forensic identification and estimated the extent of genetic variation in five major ethnic groups of Punjab, North-West India. A total of 1012 unrelated samples belonging to Banias, Brahmins, Jat Sikhs, Khatris and Scheduled Castes were(More)
AIM To assess the effect of ethnicity, the association of WC, WHR and hypertension along with PGC-1α (Gly482Ser), UCP2 -866 G/A and SIRT1 -1400 T/C polymorphisms in seven endogamous caste groups and pooled population of Punjab. METHODS Study was conducted on 1813 individuals (859 T2D patients and 954 healthy controls) belonging to seven endogamous groups.(More)