Learn More
Ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation causes a variety of biological effects that can be either beneficial or harmful for human health. To exert these effects on a cellular basis, UVB induces a variety of signaling pathways, which act in an independent and additive ways. However, the UVB-induced signal transduction mechanism(s) till date remains not well(More)
Macrophages play a crucial role in host immunosurveillance against pathogens and malignancies. The enhanced productions of pro-inflammatory cytokines are central to the regulatory role of macrophages and induction of robust immune response. The excessive inflammatory response of macrophages can result into pathological conditions in host. We have previously(More)
Anticancer agents effect tumor cell killing both in vivo and in vitro through the induction of apoptosis. Endonuclease-mediated internucleosomal DNA fragmentation, the most widely used biochemical marker of apoptosis, has been shown to play a central role in apoptosis in many experimental systems. In the present investigation, we report that activation of(More)
When murine macrophage (M phi) monolayers are treated with cis-Platin (10 micrograms or 5 micrograms/ml) for 30 min, 1, 2, 4, 8 and 24 h a significant increase in the release of H2O2 and O-2 by M phi is observed. The release of H2O2 and O-2 was comparatively much more when M phi were treated with 5 micrograms/ml cis-Platin than 10 micrograms/ml. However, it(More)
Cisplatin (cis-diamminedichloroplatinum II), a potent antitumor compound, stimulates immune responses by activating monocytes/macrophages and other cells of the immune system. However, the mechanism by which cisplatin activates these cells is poorly characterised. Our earlier findings indicate that cisplatin treatment stimulates rapid tyrosine(More)
Cisplatin [cis-dichlorodiammine platinum (II)], a potent chemoimmunotherapeutic drug, activates macrophages to tumoricidal state which is inhibited by protein tyrosine kinase(s) inhibitor. Cisplatin induces protein tyrosine phosphorylation of a number of cellular proteins suggesting the involvement of protein tyrosine kinase(s) in the activation process of(More)
Fraction 1 antigen of Yersinia pestis is a capsule protein of 17.5kDa, known to induce thymocyte proliferation and have anti-phagocytic role in macrophages. It serves as a major protective antigen against challenge of Y. pestis by inducing high concentration of IgG1 antibody response. In the present investigation it is observed that 10microg/ml of rF1(More)
Bacteria and their ubiquitous cell wall component peptidoglycan (PGN) activate the innate immune system of the host and induce the release of inflammatory molecules. Nitric oxide (NO) is a potent molecule involved in the cytotoxic effects mediated by macrophages (MPhi) against microorganisms. This study investigates the signaling pathway involved in(More)
We have previously shown that the progressive ascitic growth of a transplantable T cell lymphoma of spontaneous origin in a murine host, designated as Dalton's lymphoma (DL), induces the inhibition of various immune responses. In a quest to understand the mechanism(s) of tumor-growth-dependent immunosuppression, we were interested to investigate if the(More)
The role of immune-neuroendocrine interactions in the autoimmune diseases is well recognized. Autoimmune rheumatoid diseases in their active phase have been characterized by high levels of prolactin (PRL) as well as proinflammatory cytokines which suggest a co-relationship between them. In the present study, we have investigated the profile of cytokines(More)