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Bacterial species evolved evasive maneuvers to bypass their recognition by the receptors primarily TLRs of the innate immune cells. We have reported that 3μg/ml of recombinant YopJ when provided extracellularly induced apoptosis in murine peritoneal macrophages in vitro. The present investigations demonstrate the role of TLR2 in apoptotic signals induced by(More)
Fraction 1 antigen of Yersinia pestis is a capsule protein of 17.5kDa, known to induce thymocyte proliferation and have anti-phagocytic role in macrophages. It serves as a major protective antigen against challenge of Y. pestis by inducing high concentration of IgG1 antibody response. In the present investigation it is observed that 10microg/ml of rF1(More)
Human natural killer (NK) cells and monocytes treated in vitro concomitantly with cisplatin and rIFN-gamma enhanced lysis of K562 cells. Lysis was dependent upon the duration of treatment. Cisplatin and rIFN-gamma treated monocytes were equally cytotoxic to NK sensitive (K562) and NK resistant (Daudi & Raji) cell lines whereas NK cells were not rendered(More)
The Fraction 1 (F1) antigen of Yersinia pestis is known to induce thymocyte proliferation. It serves as a major protective antigen against challenge of Y. pestis. Recently, we reported rF1-induced activation of macrophages. Current investigation elucidates the role of p42/44 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK)-mediated signal transduction in murine(More)
Fraction 1 (F1) protein forms a capsule on the surface of Yersinia pestis. Recently, we reported rF1-induced activation of macrophages. In current investigation, we studied the role of JNK MAPK signal transduction pathway in rF1-induced activation of macrophages in vitro. SP600125, a specific inhibitor of JNK, inhibited JNK MAPK phosphorylation, indicating(More)
Mycobacterium indicus pranii (MIP), also known as Mw, is a saprophytic, non-pathogenic strain of Mycobacterium and is commercially available as a heat-killed vaccine for leprosy and recently tuberculosis (TB) as part of MDT. In this study we provide evidence that cell-free supernatant collected from original MIP suspension induces rapid and enhanced(More)
Cisplatin [cis-dichlorodiammine platinum (II)], a potent chemoimmunotherapeutic drug, activates macrophages to tumoricidal state which is inhibited by protein tyrosine kinase(s) inhibitor. Cisplatin induces protein tyrosine phosphorylation of a number of cellular proteins suggesting the involvement of protein tyrosine kinase(s) in the activation process of(More)
Cisplatin (cis-diamminedichloroplatinum II), a potent antitumor compound, stimulates immune responses by activating monocytes/macrophages and other cells of the immune system. However, the mechanism by which cisplatin activates these cells is poorly characterised. Our earlier findings indicate that cisplatin treatment stimulates rapid tyrosine(More)
The role of Concanavalin A (ConA), Phytohemagglutinin (PHA) and Wheat germ agglutinin (WGA) in the activation of murine peritoneal macrophages particularly with reference to production and regulation of nitric oxide (NO) has been investigated. Macrophages on treatment with ConA and PHA showed significantly enhanced production of NO, which was dose and time(More)
In the present study, we report the activation of murine peritoneal macrophages in vitro on irradiation with sublethal dose of UVB (50 mJ/cm(2)). The activation involves enhanced expression of CD18 molecule and production of nitric oxide (NO), tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-1 (IL-1). Production of NO, TNF-alpha and IL-1 by the macrophages(More)