Ajit A. Kulkarni

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Transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ) induced differentiation of human lung fibroblasts to myofibroblasts is a key event in the pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis. Although the typical TGFβ signaling pathway involves the Smad family of transcription factors, we have previously reported that peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ) ligands(More)
Pulmonary Fibrosis (PF) is a devastating progressive disease in which normal lung structure and function is compromised by scarring. Lung fibrosis can be caused by thoracic radiation, injury from chemotherapy and systemic diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis that involve inflammatory responses. CDDO-Me (Methyl 2-cyano-3,12-dioxooleana-1,9(11)dien-28-oate,(More)
Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor (PPAR)-γ is a nuclear hormone receptor that is activated by multiple agonists including thiazolidinediones, prostaglandins, and synthetic oleanolic acids. Many PPARγ ligands are under investigation as potential therapies for human diseases. These ligands modulate multiple cellular pathways via both PPARγ-dependent(More)
Watermarking is a technique of embedding a secret message in a cover message. When media is watermarked the secret message is usually a copyright notice. Watermarking thus discourages intellectual property theft and helps us to prove ownership when such a theft occurs. This survey paper describes Digital Watermarking in detail and explains theory,(More)
The Cell Broadband engine has shown potential to achieve an impressive level of performance for scientific applications. This level of performance is achieved through several dimensions of parallelism like thread level parallelism using synergistic processing elements, vector parallelism in the form of 128-bit SIMD operations and pipeline parallelism by(More)
The IP layer has been the preferred protocol layer for implementing Multicast related functionality. End System Multicast. was introduced as an alternate way which pushed the functionality of Multicast to the higher level layers (application layer). The Narada protocol is one of those used for implementing End System Multicast and we have implemented that(More)
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