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Environments that are crowded with larvae of the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster, exhibit a temporal deterioration in quality as waste products accumulate and food is depleted. We show that natural selection in these environments can maintain a genetic polymorphism with one group of genotypes specializing on the early part of the environment and a second(More)
We have determined the three-dimensional structure of a two-disulfide intermediate (Cys(8)-Cys(20), Cys(14)-Cys(26)) on the oxidative folding pathway of the cyclotide MCoTI-II. Cyclotides have a range of bioactivities and, because of their exceptional stability, have been proposed as potential molecular scaffolds for drug design applications. The(More)
The phenotypic enhancement of longevity through a variety of environmental treatments, including dietary manipulations, has been observed in various species of animals, both vertebrate and invertebrate. Elucidating the mechanisms underlying such effects has provided insights into the physiological processes contributing to the determination of lifespan.(More)
The genetic control of larval tolerance to urea, a nitrogenous waste-product occurring naturally in crowded Drosophila cultures, was investigated in a set of five laboratory populations of D. melanogaster that had been successfully subjected to selection for increased larval urea tolerance. Larva to adult survivorship and development time at three different(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the merits of a coloured paste applied to cows as an aid to heat detection in a dairy herd. It was performed on 110 French Friesian cows under a loose housing system over one year. For comparison, the results of the previous year, with no paste application, were also computed. Results of heat detection by the(More)
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