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The process of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), in addition to being an initiating event for tumor metastasis, is implicated in conferring several clinically relevant properties to disseminating cancer cells. These include stem cell-like properties, resistance to targeted therapies and ability to evade immune surveillance. Enrichment analysis of(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPAR)-γ belongs to the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily of ligand-dependent transcription factors. It is a mediator of adipocyte differentiation, regulates lipid metabolism and macrophage function. The ligands of PPAR-γ have long been in the clinic for the treatment of type II diabetes and have a very low(More)
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) was shown to confer tumor cells with abilities essential for metastasis, including migratory phenotype, invasiveness, resistance to apoptosis, evading immune surveillance, and tumor stem cell traits. Therefore, inhibition of EMT can be an important therapeutic strategy to inhibit tumor metastasis. Here, we show that(More)
To gain insights into how TGF-beta regulates epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), we assessed the time course of proteins and mRNAs during EMT by multiplex iTRAQ labeling and 2D-LC-MS/MS, and by hybridization, respectively. Temporal iTRAQ analysis identified 66 proteins as differentially expressed during EMT, including newly associated proteins calpain,(More)
In cancer cells, the process of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) confers migratory and invasive capacity, resistance to apoptosis, drug resistance, evasion of host immune surveillance and tumor stem cell traits. Cells undergoing EMT may represent tumor cells with metastatic potential. Characterizing the EMT secretome may identify biomarkers to(More)
BACKGROUND Acquisition of mesenchymal phenotype by epithelial cells by means of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is considered as an early event in the multistep process of tumor metastasis. Therefore, inhibition of EMT might be a rational strategy to prevent metastasis. METHODS Using the global gene expression profile from a cell culture model of(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are required for protective host defense against bacterial pathogens. However, the role of TLRs in regulating lung injury during Gram-negative bacterial pneumonia has not been thoroughly investigated. In this study, experiments were performed to evaluate the role of TLR4 in pulmonary responses against Klebsiella pneumoniae (Kp).(More)
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) was shown to confer tumor cells with abilities essential for metastasis, including migratory phenotype, invasiveness, resistance to apoptosis, evading immune surveillance, and tumor stem cell traits. Therefore, inhibition of EMT can be an important therapeutic strategy to inhibit tumor metastasis. Here, we show that(More)
Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) have shown prognostic relevance in many cancer types. However, the majority of current CTC capture methods rely on positive selection techniques that require a priori knowledge about the surface protein expression of disseminated CTCs, which are known to be a dynamic population. We developed a microfluidic CTC capture chip(More)
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