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Adhoc on demand distance vector routing protocol(AODV) is specially designed for mobile adhoc networks with reduced overhead using Expanding Ring Search technique. But energy consumption should also be considered in MANET due to battery constrain of the nodes. In this paper, we choose an energy efficient route discovery process for AODV based on Expanding(More)
Hydrogenated microcrystalline silicon (µc-Si:H)-as deposited by PECVD at low temperatures (around 200°C)-can be used to fabricate stable pin-type solar cells with conversion efficiencies over 8 %. The variety of growth forms and microstructural patterns observed for different deposition conditions is described; the requirements to be met by layers for use(More)
The conformations of cyclooctadecane, cyclononadecane, and cycloicosane were generated by a stochastic program that works in conjunction with MM2. The shapes of the rings are analyzed in terms of previous work by Dale and others, and in terms of distributions of energies, torsion angle distributions, and torsion angle sequences. A new shape element called(More)
Semantic Web which is an extension to the current web 2.0 presents information more magnificently for humans and automated tools as well. It offers an intelligent web service that synchronizes and arranges précised data over web in a well-organized modus. The exactitude of fetching relevant data as per the user demand has been a real challenge for(More)
In wireless network can classified in two way one is infrastructure network and another is infrastructure less. Infrastructure less wireless network is known as Ad-hoc network. An ad-hoc network is a local area network (LAN) that is built spontaneously as devices connect. Instead of relying on a base station to coordinate the flow of messages to each node(More)
This paper is about the class of problems where a large number of VaR estimates, using Monte Carlo simulation, are required for different portfolios, drawn from a fixed universe of products with a fixed data generating process. We focus on the matrix–vector product which dominates the computational cost of this problem. We develop a series of results based(More)
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