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Bisretinoid adducts accumulate as lipofuscin in retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells of the eye and are implicated in the pathology of inherited and age-related macular degeneration. Characterization of the bisretinoids A2E and the all-trans-retinal dimer series has shown that these pigments form from reactions in photoreceptor cell outer segments that(More)
Several human cataracts have been linked to mutations in the gamma crystallin gene. One of these is the aculeiform cataract, which is caused by an R58H mutation in gammaD crystallin. We have shown previously that this cataract is caused by crystallization of the mutant protein, which is an order of magnitude less soluble than the wild-type. Here, we report(More)
In a recent paper, patients with a progressive juvenile-onset hereditary cataract have been reported to have a point mutation in the human gammaD crystallin gene (Stephan, D. A., Gillanders, E., Vanderveen, D., Freas-Lutz, D., Wistow, G., Baxevanis, A. D., Robbins, C. M., VanAuken, A., Quesenberry, M. I., Bailey-Wilson, J., et al. (1999) Proc. Natl. Acad.(More)
Several human genetic cataracts have been linked recently to point mutations in the gammaD crystallin gene. Here we provide a molecular basis for lens opacity in two genetic cataracts and suggest that the opacity occurs because of the spontaneous crystallization of the mutant proteins. Such crystallization of endogenous proteins leading to pathology is an(More)
A computational system for the prediction of polymorphic loci directly and efficiently from human genomic sequence was developed and verified. A suite of programs, collectively called POMPOUS (polymorphic marker prediction of ubiquitous simple sequences) detects tandem repeats ranging from dinucleotides up to 250 mers, scores them according to predicted(More)
The P23T mutation in the human gammaD-crystallin gene has in recent years been associated with a number of well known cataract phenotypes. To understand the molecular mechanism of lens opacity caused by this mutation, we expressed human gammaD-crystallin (HGD), the P23T mutant, and other related mutant proteins in Escherichia coli and compared the(More)
The Pro23 to Thr (P23T) mutation in human gammaD-crystallin (HGD) shows several cataract phenotypes. We found earlier [A. Pande, O. Annunziata, N. Asherie, O. Ogun, G.B. Benedek, J. Pande, Decrease in protein solubility and cataract formation caused by the Pro23 to Thr mutation in human gamma D-crystallin, Biochemistry 44 (2005) 2491-2500] that the mutation(More)