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In a recent paper, patients with a progressive juvenile-onset hereditary cataract have been reported to have a point mutation in the human gammaD crystallin gene (Stephan, D. A., Gillanders, E., Vanderveen, D., Freas-Lutz, D., Wistow, G., Baxevanis, A. D., Robbins, C. M., VanAuken, A., Quesenberry, M. I., Bailey-Wilson, J., et al. (1999) Proc. Natl. Acad.(More)
Several human genetic cataracts have been linked recently to point mutations in the gammaD crystallin gene. Here we provide a molecular basis for lens opacity in two genetic cataracts and suggest that the opacity occurs because of the spontaneous crystallization of the mutant proteins. Such crystallization of endogenous proteins leading to pathology is an(More)
The Pro23 to Thr (P23T) mutation in human gammaD-crystallin (HGD) shows several cataract phenotypes. We found earlier [A. Pande, O. Annunziata, N. Asherie, O. Ogun, G.B. Benedek, J. Pande, Decrease in protein solubility and cataract formation caused by the Pro23 to Thr mutation in human gamma D-crystallin, Biochemistry 44 (2005) 2491-2500] that the mutation(More)
Several point mutations in human γD-crystallin (HGD) are now known to be associated with cataract. So far, the in vitro studies of individual mutants of HGD alone have been sufficient in providing plausible molecular mechanisms for the associated cataract in vivo. Nearly all the mutant proteins in solution showed compromised solubility and enhanced light(More)
The P23T mutant of human gammaD-crystallin (HGD) is associated with cataract. We have previously investigated the solution properties of this mutant, as well as those of the closely related P23V and P23S mutants, and shown that although mutations at site 23 of HGD do not produce a significant structural change in the protein, they nevertheless profoundly(More)
Bisretinoid adducts accumulate as lipofuscin in retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells of the eye and are implicated in the pathology of inherited and age-related macular degeneration. Characterization of the bisretinoids A2E and the all-trans-retinal dimer series has shown that these pigments form from reactions in photoreceptor cell outer segments that(More)
Aqueous suspensions of dark-adapted bacteriorhodopsin (bR560) in the purple membrane of Halobacterium halobium are exposed to rapid jumps to high pH. Optical and resonance Raman measurements are carried out by using flow and stationary methods. Above pH congruent to 11.5 bR560 starts to be reversibly converted to a species absorbing at 460 nm (bR460)(More)
The cataract-associated Pro23 to Thr (P23T) mutation in human gammaD-crystallin (HGD) has a variety of phenotypes and is geographically widespread. Therefore, there is considerable interest in understanding the molecular basis of cataract formation due to this mutation. We showed earlier [Pande, A., et al. (2005) Biochemistry 44, 2491-2500] that the(More)
The cataract-associated Pro23 to Thr (P23T) mutation in human γD-crystallin (HGD) has a variety of phenotypes and is geographically widespread. Therefore, there is considerable interest in understanding the molecular basis of cataract formation due to this mutation. We showed earlier [Pande, A., et al. (2005)Biochemistry 44, 2491-2500] that the probable(More)