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Major frontal lobe tracts and corpus callosum (CC) were investigated in 32 children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD, mean age: 5 years), 12 nonautistic developmentally impaired children (DI, mean age: 4.6 years), and 16 typically developing children (TD, mean age: 5.5 years) using diffusion tensor imaging tractography and tract-based spatial statistics.(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the safety and efficacy of exenatide once weekly (EQW) compared with metformin (MET), pioglitazone (PIO), and sitagliptin (SITA) over 26 weeks, in suboptimally treated (diet and exercise) drug-naive patients with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Patients were randomized to subcutaneous (SC) EQW 2.0 mg + oral placebo (n =(More)
PURPOSE Enteral nutrition (EN) is effective, easy to provide, cheaper, and associated with fewer complications in comparison with parenteral nutrition in severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). However, the nasogastric (NG) route for enteral supplements still remains to be established, and most studies have used the nasojejunal (NJ) route. The purpose of this(More)
The vascular endothelium is a critical regulator of vascular function. Diverse stimuli such as proinflammatory cytokines and hemodynamic forces modulate endothelial phenotype and thereby impact on the development of vascular disease states. Therefore, identification of the regulatory factors that mediate the effects of these stimuli on endothelial function(More)
AMH is a glycoprotein dimer composed of two 72kDa monomers linked by disulfide bridges. It belongs to the transforming growth factor-β family. AMH performs various physiological functions. In males, AMH is secreted by the Sertoli cells of the testis. During embryonic development, AMH is responsible for Müllerian duct regression. AMH continues to be produced(More)
To investigate frontal lobe white matter in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), we performed diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in 50 ASD children (mean age: 57.5 +/- 29.2 months, 43 males) and 16 typically developing children (mean age: 82.1 +/- 41.4 months, 11 males). The apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) was significantly higher for whole(More)
UNLABELLED The use of accurate and reliable clinical and imaging modalities for quantifying leg-length discrepancy (LLD) is vital for planning appropriate treatment. While there are several methods for assessing LLD, we questioned how these compared. We therefore evaluated the reliability and accuracy of the different methods and explored the advantages and(More)
The vascular endothelium plays a critical role in vascular homeostasis. Inflammatory cytokines and non-laminar blood flow induce endothelial dysfunction and confer a pro-adhesive and pro-thrombotic phenotype. Therefore, identification of factors that mediate the effects of these stimuli on endothelial function is of considerable interest. Kruppel-like(More)
We applied PET scanning with (11)C-[R]-PK11195 (PK) to evaluate neuroinflammatory changes in basal ganglia and thalamus in children with clinically diagnosed pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infection (PANDAS) and Tourette syndrome. Seventeen children with PANDAS (mean age: 11.4 ± 2.6 years; 13 males), 12 with(More)
Induction of apoptosis in cancer cells has become the major focus of anti-cancer therapeutics development. WithaferinA, a major chemical constituent of Withania somnifera, reportedly shows cytotoxicity in a variety of tumor cell lines while its molecular mechanisms of action are not fully understood. We observed that withaferinA primarily induces oxidative(More)