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Major frontal lobe tracts and corpus callosum (CC) were investigated in 32 children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD, mean age: 5 years), 12 nonautistic developmentally impaired children (DI, mean age: 4.6 years), and 16 typically developing children (TD, mean age: 5.5 years) using diffusion tensor imaging tractography and tract-based spatial statistics.(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the safety and efficacy of exenatide once weekly (EQW) compared with metformin (MET), pioglitazone (PIO), and sitagliptin (SITA) over 26 weeks, in suboptimally treated (diet and exercise) drug-naive patients with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Patients were randomized to subcutaneous (SC) EQW 2.0 mg + oral placebo (n =(More)
To investigate frontal lobe white matter in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), we performed diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in 50 ASD children (mean age: 57.5 +/- 29.2 months, 43 males) and 16 typically developing children (mean age: 82.1 +/- 41.4 months, 11 males). The apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) was significantly higher for whole(More)
The vascular endothelium is a critical regulator of vascular function. Diverse stimuli such as proinflammatory cytokines and hemodynamic forces modulate endothelial phenotype and thereby impact on the development of vascular disease states. Therefore, identification of the regulatory factors that mediate the effects of these stimuli on endothelial function(More)
PURPOSE Enteral nutrition (EN) is effective, easy to provide, cheaper, and associated with fewer complications in comparison with parenteral nutrition in severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). However, the nasogastric (NG) route for enteral supplements still remains to be established, and most studies have used the nasojejunal (NJ) route. The purpose of this(More)
BACKGROUND Although 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors (statins) are known to modulate endothelial function, the transcriptional mechanisms underlying these effects are incompletely understood. We hypothesized that Lung-Kruppel-like factor (LKLF/KLF2), a novel and potent regulator of endothelial gene expression, may mediate the(More)
Cardiac hypertrophy is a common response to injury and hemodynamic stress and an important harbinger of heart failure and death. Herein, we identify the Kruppel-like factor 15 (KLF15) as an inhibitor of cardiac hypertrophy. Myocardial expression of KLF15 is reduced in rodent models of hypertrophy and in biopsy samples from patients with pressure-overload(More)
Effects of an integrated yoga program in modulating perceived stress levels, anxiety, as well as depression levels and radiation-induced DNA damage were studied in 68 breast cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy. Two psychological questionnaires--Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and Perceived Stress Scale (PSS)--and DNA damage assay were used(More)
Children with autistic spectrum disorder are known to have histopathological abnormalities in the cerebellum. Diffusion tensor imaging has been utilized to study abnormalities in connectivity and microintegrity in brains of such children. A region of interest approach was adopted to study cerebellar outflow and inflow pathways in 27 children (24 males; mean(More)
AMH is a glycoprotein dimer composed of two 72kDa monomers linked by disulfide bridges. It belongs to the transforming growth factor-β family. AMH performs various physiological functions. In males, AMH is secreted by the Sertoli cells of the testis. During embryonic development, AMH is responsible for Müllerian duct regression. AMH continues to be produced(More)