Ajay Kumar Sharma

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A substantial proportion of the genome encodes membrane proteins that are delivered to the endoplasmic reticulum by dedicated targeting pathways. Membrane proteins that fail targeting must be rapidly degraded to avoid aggregation and disruption of cytosolic protein homeostasis. The mechanisms of mislocalized protein (MLP) degradation are unknown. Here we(More)
Hundreds of proteins are inserted post-translationally into the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane by a single carboxy-terminal transmembrane domain (TMD). During targeting through the cytosol, the hydrophobic TMD of these tail-anchored (TA) proteins requires constant chaperoning to prevent aggregation or inappropriate interactions. A central component of(More)
Numerous proteins targeted for the secretory pathway are increasingly implicated in functional or pathological roles at alternative cellular destinations. The parameters that allow secretory or membrane proteins to reside in intracellular locales outside the secretory pathway remain largely unexplored. In this study, we have used an extremely sensitive and(More)
Shoot multiplication was achieved in vitro from shoot tips of aseptically germinated seedlings of Withania somnifera L. using low concentrations of 6-benzyladenine (BA), viz. 2.2, 4.4 and 8.9 μM. Maximum number of shoots were obtained when 2.3 μM 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) or 2.5 μM indolebutyric acid (IBA) was added to medium containing 4.4 μM(More)
Membrane protein biogenesis requires the coordinated movement of hydrophobic transmembrane domains (TMD) from the cytosolic vestibule of the Sec61 channel into the lipid bilayer. Molecular insight into TMD integration has been hampered by the difficulty of characterizing intermediates during this intrinsically dynamic process. In this study, we show that(More)
The bacterium Deinococcus radiodurans survives ionizing irradiation and other DNA-damaging assaults at doses that are lethal to all other organisms. How D. radiodurans accurately reconstructs its genome from hundreds of radiation-generated fragments in the absence of an intact template is unknown. Here we show that the D. radiodurans genome assumes an(More)
The folding environment in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) depends on multiple abundant chaperones that function together to accommodate a range of substrates. The ways in which substrate engagement shapes either specific chaperone dynamics or general ER attributes in vivo remain unknown. In this study, we have evaluated how changes in substrate flux through(More)
STUDY DESIGN Clinical and radiologic assessment obtained from an ongoing prospective trial following total lumbar disc replacement (TDR) with ProDisc II. OBJECTIVE To analyze the interaction between the parameters of disc space height (DSH), range of motion (ROM) and clinical outcome scores following TDR. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA The interdependence(More)
Shoot multiplication was obtained in vitro within 20–25 d from shoot tip expiants of 30 d old aseptically germinated seedlings of Coleus forskohlii Briq., using 2 mg/1 of 6 benzylaminopurine (BA). Shoot multiplication was further enhanced with the gradual decrease in the level of BA, and its final omission after 4 months. Different auxins supplemented at(More)
Factor H (fH), a key alternative complement pathway regulator, is a cofactor for factor I-mediated cleavage of C3b. fH consists of 20 short consensus repeat (SCR) domains. Sialic acid binding domains have previously been localized to fH SCRs 6-10 and 13. To examine fH binding on a sialylated microbial surface, we grew Neisseria gonorrhoeae in the presence(More)