Ajay Kumar Mahalka

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Heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) is an evolutionarily highly conserved molecular chaperone that promotes the survival of stressed cells by inhibiting lysosomal membrane permeabilization, a hallmark of stress-induced cell death. Clues to its molecular mechanism of action may lay in the recently reported stress- and cancer-associated translocation of a small(More)
Temporins constitute a family of amphipathic alpha-helical antimicrobial peptides (AMP) and contain some of the shortest cytotoxic peptides, comprised of only 10-14 residues. General characteristics of temporins parallel those of other AMP, both in terms of structural features and biophysical properties relating to their interactions with membrane lipids,(More)
Golgi-Associated plant Pathogenesis Related protein 1 (GAPR-1) is a mammalian protein that is a member of the Cysteine-rich secretory proteins, Antigen 5 and Pathogenesis related proteins group 1 (CAP) superfamily of proteins. A role for the common CAP domain in the function of the diverse superfamily members has not been described so far. Here, we show by(More)
Oxidative stress is associated with several major ailments. However, it is only recently that the developments in our molecular level understanding of the consequences of oxidative stress in modifying the chemical structures of biomolecules, lipids in particular, are beginning to open new emerging insights into the significance of oxidative stress in(More)
Phospholipases A2 (PLA2) catalyze the hydrolytic cleavage of free fatty acids from the sn-2 OH-moiety of glycerophospholipids. These enzymes have a number of functions, from digestion to signaling and toxicity of several venoms. They have also been implicated in inflammation and are connected to diverse diseases, such as cancer, ischemia, atherosclerosis,(More)
Oxidative stress leads to drastic modifications of both the biophysical properties of biomembranes and their associated chemistry imparted upon the formation of oxidatively modified lipids. To this end, oxidized phospholipid derivatives bearing an aldehyde function, such as 1-palmitoyl-2-(9'-oxo-nonanoyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (PoxnoPC) can covalently(More)
Siramesine (SRM) is a sigma-2 receptor agonist which has been recently shown to inhibit growth of cancer cells. Fluorescence spectroscopy experiments revealed two distinct binding sites for this drug in phospholipid membranes. More specifically, acidic phospholipids retain siramesine on the bilayer surface due to a high-affinity interaction, reaching(More)
While a significant fraction of heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) is membrane associated in lysosomes, mitochondria, and the outer surface of cancer cells, the mechanisms of interaction have remained elusive, with no conclusive demonstration of a protein receptor. Hsp70 contains two Trps, W90 and W580, in its N-terminal nucleotide binding domain (NBD), and the(More)
Siramesine (SRM) is a σ-2 receptor agonist which has been recently shown to inhibit growth of cancer cells. Fluorescence spectroscopy experiments revealed two distinct binding sites for this drug in phospholipid membranes. More specifically, acidic phospholipids retain siramesine on the bilayer surface due to a high-affinity interaction, reaching saturation(More)
Aalto University, P.O. Box 11000, FI-00076 Aalto www.aalto.fi Author Ajay Mahalka Name of the doctoral dissertation Control of Protein Oligomerization and De-oligomerization on Lipid Membranes Publisher School of Science Unit Department of Biomedical Engineering and Computational Science Series Aalto University publication series DOCTORAL DISSERTATIONS(More)